In the ASIC-age, is it worth starting mining Bitcoin at ...

Long Way Back (Part 2)

Part I
After these events I withdrew into myself. I used to spend most of the free time at home alone. Sometimes I spent the whole weekend lying in bed or playing video games.
In a couple of months I started having troubles falling asleep. Often I couldn’t resist the temptation to “dive” and replace the depressing reality with happy moments of distant past. After waking up I used to lie in the bed fighting a pulsing headache till dawn.
Insomnia made me sluggish and apathetic. But still I would retreat into memories every evening like an addict looking for a dose.
∗ ∗ ∗
I am fourteen years old. School is on summer break. Weather is boiling-hot, so my friends and I are hiding from the sun in a park.
We put our pocket money together to buy a large coke and some ice cream. I am laying on the grass in the shadow of a large willow listening to my friend’s jokes and eating lemon ice pop. If there’s a single word to describe my mind at this moment, it should be serenity.
∗ ∗ ∗
I am twelve. My father and I hike in the magnificent Crimean mountains. When we come home, my parents will finally break up, and mom will leave us. But it will be later. In the meantime I have nothing to worry about. Right now the only thing that attracts my attention is the pure beauty of nature.
∗ ∗ ∗
I am ten. I participate in the national math contest and take the second place to everyone’s surprise. When they call me to give a reward, I glance at my school teacher in the audience and see tears in her eyes.
∗ ∗ ∗
I am fifteen.
I sit at the porch of our cabin waiting for my friends. Disco starts in a couple of minutes, and it’s literally common knowledge that a party is the most important thing in the social life of teenagers in summer camp. So it’s only natural that I’m angry with my friend for keeping me waiting.
At long last they come out. I see Max and my heart fills with warmth and sorrow at the same time. Usually, I try to avoid memories of him, but this is a special occasion.
Max wears ripped jeans, Nirvana t-shirt and a cap. His look makes me amused: from an adult perspective he looks kinda funny, but such an image is taken much more seriously when you’re fifteen.
My parents used to send me to summer camp each year when I was at school, but this time is special. During this trip I will fall in love with a girl (even though our childish “relationship” will only hold for a couple of weeks) and kiss her for the first time in my life. After it happens, I’ll be so excited that we’ll be discussing this experience with Max for half the night.
When I think about it, it feels nostalgic, but I dismiss this feeling. How can I be so sentimental, if it hasn’t happened yet?
Our company finally arrives at a basketball court that also serves as a dance floor. Upbeat music is playing loudly, and most of the people have already gathered. Max nudges me and points at the girl I’m to experience an awkward excitement of the first kiss with. I look at the direction he’s pointing to, and freeze, struck dumb.
Cause I see Nika standing at the edge of the court.
When I met her at the university, she looked totally different, but still I recognize her at first sight. She has long hair with a few strands defiantly dyed pink. She wears a sundress (and it’s actually the first time I see her wearing anything other than a baggy hoodie and jeans).
As if on purpose, at the very same moment DJ announces a slow dance and turns on a soft melody. Without thinking about possible consequences, I approach Nika and ask her to dance. There’s a glimpse of surprise in her eyes, but she still accepts my invitation.
I put my hands on her waist. Suddenly, she moves closer to me and places her arms around my neck. We start dancing, and I belatedly introduce myself. She tells me her name too. I try to start a conversation and subconsciously fear that she won’t talk to me as it was the last time we met in future.
But the future is not here yet. There has been no quarrel between us yet. That’s why Nika answers my dumb questions, laughs at my jokes and sounds exactly the same I remember.
The song ends, and our dance does as well. To me this awkward teenage ritual seems to be the most romantic thing in the world at this moment.
I ask Nika to leave the party and sneak to the beach. Max gives me the thumbs up behind her back.
While we walk together, Nika tells me all kinds of things. She tells me about her favorite indie sci-fi movies. Says that she studies programming as a hobby. Then she says that she’ll soon begin preparing for the graduation exams, since she wants to go to a good university. I eagerly listen to her, enjoying every minute I spend with the girl I missed so much.
We reach the sandy bank of the river and sit on the concrete parapet. Nika notes that we mustn’t get close to the water without supervision, but I see cheerful sparkles in her eyes. I joke that if counselors catch us, at least we will serve a sentence together.
We sit silently and watch the river flow for a couple of minutes. At last Nika starts to speak:
“Do you believe in the butterfly effect? The theory that tiny events in the past…”
“...can have huge consequences,“ I finish the sentence. “You do something that you don’t consider to be important, but by chance it happens to affect the future a lot. Like a chain reaction. Yeah, I believe. Probably. Why do you ask?”
“Well, we met randomly just a couple of hours ago. For instance, imagine that I dressed differently today, and you didn’t notice me because of it, or something like that,” she suggests. “And we’d never meet as a result. Or we’d meet much later. In university, for example. And we’d never know that we even went to the same summer camp…” Nika pauses for a moment, and a vague paranoid thought arises in my mind all of a sudden. “You know, I like you a lot,” she unexpectedly finishes the monologue.
It looks like a coincidence, but ever since I got my power, I don’t believe in coincidences. I hesitate for a couple of seconds, but finally say: “I don’t mean to be rude but… What’s the date today?”
Nika seems surprised by this question. After a short silence, she says hesitantly: “The fifteenth of July?”
“Close enough,” I answer. The camp started only yesterday, so it’s virtually impossible to be so wrong. “It’s the seventh. And what’s the last movie you saw in the cinema?”
Nika fades. Her shoulders sag, and after a short pause she asks: “Which year are you from?”“October, 2019” I answer honestly.
“Huh,” she smiles miserably. “Me too. Maybe, that’s the only way we can be in the same past together ‒ if we go to sleep at the same time?”
She pauses again, and I finally decide to ask a question I have in mind for the last couple of minutes:
“Why did we stop talking? Why did you start ignoring me?”
She chuckles and starts to speak:
“Didn’t you get it? It started that evening at Ivan’s birthday party. We started arguing. You were stubborn as usual, so I said some stuff I immediately regretted. I decided to go back and fix it. But when I came back to the past, it appeared that you suddenly changed the subject before I was able to do anything. You must understand, my ability had never failed me before. I thought that events were invariant, unless I changed them myself. So when it happened, I became frightened and woke up,” Nika stops to catch her breath, but I stay silent digesting this information, so she continues: “At first I blamed the butterfly effect. I thought that I changed something myself, so I tried to get back again in order to amend what happened, but for some reason my powers didn’t work on you no matter how much I tried. Trust me, it was scary. I acted on a whim and pushed you away. And I told myself to forget you,” I see tears in her eyes. “I tried to replace you with other people. It didn’t work. On the contrary, I started thinking about you even more. My thoughts returned to the fact that you were beyond my power again and again, and it annoyed me. Also… I missed you a lot”.
I take her hand in mine without thinking. I know that I’ll never be able to change this moment, but it’s worth the risk.
∗ ∗ ∗
Nika tells me that she discovered her abilities when she fell asleep during the lecture. For a long time she thought that it was just a deja vu. I joke that some lecturers made me fall asleep without any time travel involved.
∗ ∗ ∗
She calls it “to wake up from our reality to another”. I call it “diving”. Different names, same meaning.
∗ ∗ ∗
I tell her that I once returned to 2011 to buy bitcoin, but when I “woke up” it appeared that cryptocurrency never became popular in the first place. I tell her that I tried doing it several times and gave up in the end. We discuss chaos theory for some time, and Nika suggests that it’s possible that bitcoin only became expensive by an incredible coincidence that accidentally occurred in our time branch.
∗ ∗ ∗
She says that she tried to make money from betting, but it turned out that results of most games are completely random. We laugh at it and agree that the universe has a sense of humor.
∗ ∗ ∗
Sun sets and it becomes colder. I give Nika my shirt to warm her up a bit.
∗ ∗ ∗
I tell her about the rules of “diving” that I derived. When I regret about “past me” being unable to remember the “dive”, Nika tells me a simple solution that makes me feel stupid. Turns out that she started the diary on the very same day when she discovered her ability to travel through time. Whenever she comes back to the past, she simply puts instructions for herself in the diary.
It reminds me of something. I realize that in despair Max tried to do the exact same thing ‒ that night in the abandoned building he tried to leave a diary.
I ask Nika if she's ever met other time travelers. After a negative response, I tell her the shocking story of my friend’s death. I also mention the creepy childhood memory.
We ask ourselves: how many time travelers are there around us? How many of them do we meet each day without even knowing?
∗ ∗ ∗
Sudden gust of fresh wind rustles reeds with a soft whispering. Nika moves closer to me. I hug her, and my heart starts beating faster.
∗ ∗ ∗
Nika tells me how she once tried to “dive” while already being in the past. I admire her courage ‒ I never attempted such a thing, and to be honest after traveling to the distant childhood I wouldn’t have tried. However, her experience is not really inspiring: she was able to go to the second level only for a second. When she “woke up” in reality, she felt so sick that she had to skip work next day.
∗ ∗ ∗
I hear voices behind our backs. A couple of kids come to the river bank and stop sixty feet behind. The girl giggles and tells the boy that this place seems to be already taken. We quietly wait until they leave.
I turn to Nika, and she kisses me, probably tired of waiting for me to do the next step.
Strictly speaking, that should be my first kiss. That thought makes me laugh.
∗ ∗ ∗
I tell Nika that we must stay together. It’s fate that we both happen to have these supernatural powers. She seriously answers that I must swear to never use my abilities on her. I agree to that.
We hear DJ announcing the last track of the party. He turns on a sweet indie song. Nika says that it’s very romantic, and we kiss till the melody reaches its end.
“Would you like to walk me home?” she asks playfully. Of course, I say yes.
Near the cabin she says that we need to say goodbye for now. We agree that we’ll both wake up next morning (which happens to be seven years later), and if we are actually a perfect match to each other, then we’ll probably wake up together.
After that I see that her eyes close for a moment, and when she regains consciousness, her face looks surprised for a couple of seconds. Then Nika giggles, kisses me goodbye and runs into the cabin. I realize that she “woke up”.
Of course, I’ll join her in the future. Eventually. No, I do not plan on changing anything or breaking my promises. However, after all I’ve been through, I won’t be satisfied by faint new memories of the changed reality in the morning. I don’t want to lose her anymore so I intend to truly live through everything that is destined for us.
I have a long way back to go.
∗ ∗ ∗
When I finally “wake up”, my head bursts with pain. It hurts so much that I cannot make a sound. There are fireworks in my eyes, so I cannot really see my surroundings. An attempt to move leads to an even greater pain and nausea that I hardly hold back. Suddenly, a cool hand touches me. The last thought before I lose consciousness is that it must be Nika.
∗ ∗ ∗
When I wake up again, I feel a bit better. Migraine is still pulsing in my head, but it’s bearable. I can feel sunlight through closed eyelids, so I realize that it’s morning already. It’s time to get up, but I continue to lie with my eyes closed and think about the past years.
∗ ∗ ∗
I recall how we started dating after that night at the camp. We spent the whole summer together walking in parks, cycling around the city and watching movies at her parents’ home.
I recall that in a couple of months we had our first sex. It wasn’t something to brag about: it was actually pretty awkward. Yet it moved our relationship to a whole next level.
I recall how Nika got into an accident after the prom. She broke her ankles in several places, and it left large terrible scars. That’s when she stopped wearing skirts or dresses.
I recall that we enrolled in the same university, but this time we also went to the same program.
I recall that after the first year in university, we got the identical tattoos on our shins. It covered the scars she was ashamed of.
I recall that one year later she discovered that she can time travel. She told me about it at once, and we experimented with her ability a lot together.
I recall that in a couple of years we finally started living together, and a year and a half ago I proposed to her. The wedding took place on June 22, and Max was my best man.
I recall that I woke up the next morning and saw Max sleeping on an armchair in our living room. He was drunk as hell, but most importantly he was alive.
I recall that we went to Spain for our honeymoon. On the last day of this vacation I looked at Nika’s happy face for the last time in the past. Then I finally “woke up”.
∗ ∗ ∗
I hear someone calling my name. I open my eyes to see Nika lying next to me in the bed.
But at that very second when the light hits my eyes, agony comes back. Just before I start screaming, I realize that I can only see with my left eye.
Nika rushes to me. She’s clearly scared. I try to get up, but I can’t. It feels like every bone in my body is broken. Fighting the excruciating pain, I try to tell Nika what happened, but for some reason my words get stuck somewhere between my brain and my mouth. At last, Nika pulls out her phone and calls an ambulance.
∗ ∗ ∗
When they took me to the hospital, I was already feeling a bit better. Doctors examined me for days. They did a bunch of CT scans and gave me several mutually exclusive diagnoses. In the end they agreed that I had an atypical ischemic stroke. At least it explained some part of my symptoms like partial loss of vision and aphasia.
I didn’t insist on specifying the diagnosis. It was crystal clear to me that modern science doesn't have the slightest idea about what happens in the human brain when its synapses try to adjust for several years of contradicting memories.
Speech disorder and loss of coordination passed quickly. In a couple of weeks migraines stopped as well. However, I lost sight in my right eye permanently. And that wasn’t the worst of it.
First of all, when I was finally discharged from the intensive care, Nika and I had a long unpleasant conversation. She cried at me, called me an irresponsible idiot and liar. I had nothing to say to defend myself. I was guilty in every way.
In the end she calmed down and even seemed to forgive me. But when I was discharged from the hospital, I discovered another troubling matter.
I was unable to “dive”.
We spent a lot of time working on it. Nika tried to help me, believing that my skills got rusty because of many years of break. But it was to no avail. I lost my power completely.
It would be difficult to understand me for someone who had never wielded such a power. Imagine that one morning you try to get up from your bed and suddenly realize that you forgot how to walk. You put your feet on the floor, but you fall whenever you try to stand up. That’s exactly how I felt.
I also remembered how a long time ago Uncle Misha said: “When you are fixed, you’ll understand”. Of course, I couldn’t know for sure, but I assumed that each person has some kind of the internal limit of energy. Each time that we traveled back and forth, we spent some of it. I didn’t know whether this energy source used to replenish after coming back or not, but it didn’t matter anymore. My last “dive” exhausted it completely, because I spent too much time in the past. I became fixed.
Nika shared my pain and sincerely sympathized, but it didn’t help. She was a successful software engineer with a perfect life (how could it be not perfect, if she was able to magically fix any problems?). I was disabled and suffering from constant migraines and deep depression. Each day we became more distant, and I was the only one guilty.
There was another unpleasant surprise. Now, when I was fixed, my memory started to work in a funny way. Each time when anybody changed the past, I continued to remember the old version of events instead of a new one.
This strange effect manifested itself for the first time when Nika called me from the office and asked me to look for her keys. I found them and told her so. The next thing I remember, I was sitting at the computer and there were no keys on the table.
It felt rather disturbing, and my first thought was that I have some kind of memory lapses because of the stroke. Actually, the doctor warned me that such things could happen. But when Nika came home from work, she was shocked by this story even more than I. She told me that she actually called me today, because she thought that she lost her keys. When I said that I found them, she “dived” into the morning and simply took them. I could not possibly remember that, because there was no call in the new version of reality.
At this point the gap between us grew even larger, and we started having trust issues.
In addition, I began to notice other changes that clearly proved that there are many time travelers around, and they are constantly editing the past.
One fine morning Nika and I were discussing our plans, and she mentioned that we were planning to go to the Twenty One Pilots show. The problem was that I’d never heard of these guys before. Manic Subsidal’s concert, that we had actually planned to visit, did not exist. In fact, there was no such band at all.
Another day I opened to play Heroes of Might and Magic only to realize that my favorite Forge faction was nowhere to be found. Google told me that it was designed but never added to the game because of the negative fandom reaction.
Several times I really got confused in my memories. Once I got off at the wrong stop when I was visiting my father. I mentioned a childhood friend who never existed to my mother (it scared her a lot). One time I even forgot the stove on (and I was pretty sure that I turned it off) ‒ Nika started scolding me, but then she saw a bewildered look on my face and simply started crying.
At this very moment I suddenly understood that most likely Uncle Misha wasn’t really schizophrenic.
∗ ∗ ∗
The most difficult thing is to see pity and sympathy surrounding me. They think that I suffered a terrible trauma and now I have difficulties distinguishing reality from fantasy. Each time I want to scream that it’s them who do not see the real world. It’s their lives that are getting overwritten every day by a small group of people who have real power.
It feels like a personal hell, designed specifically for me. Only I know what actually happens, but I cannot explain it to anyone.
Each night I go to sleep thinking that I want to wake up from this reality.
But I can’t.
submitted by hokmund to nosleep [link] [comments]

My Startup Experience

Almost 5 years since I turned my Ph.D. thesis idea turned into a startup idea. How far have I gone? Well, it’s still a startup idea. I left the business world in 2001 to the world of education. I realized I enjoyed teaching when I was in business. I never strayed too far from business, I read the news and I see the trends. I thought perhaps I should teach business to future entrepreneurs.
I enrolled in a Ph.D. business program at a top university in Busan, South Korea. My advising professor was very keen about Social Enterprise (SE). He is definitely a pioneer for the development of SE in this country. Fast forward 10 months to spring semester 2015, my friends helped me with a graduation thesis and I made an immediate presentation to my professor. After the presentation, he said “This is not a researchable topic. This is a business plan.” I was bummed. Thought about it and decided to pursue the business plan aspect of it.
I researched about starting this business idea. It has been a while for me to write a business plan and make a business presentation. What I learned in my research is that so much as changed. Business presentations are now pitch decks. And we don’t go to banks anymore for business loans, we go to Angel Investors or Venture Capitalist. It seems that business incubators that were usually sponsored by the Small Business Administration have been ceded by seed accelerators, pre-seed accelerators, and startup accelerators. The whole world of starting a business has surely changed, I was stunned.
On the surface, I was just reading the business news headlines. The good and bad about the economy, the politics that help or hurt businesses, the unemployment report and things of the sort. I did not know what was going on below the surface of this business news. For example, Bitcoin. When I finally did hear about it, I was too late to get into the market. Perhaps like many of us, we were too late to invest in Yahoo. This new world to me about starting a business had me at “Startup Founders.” Essentially, I learned that is what I have become, a startup founder.
I did three things at the same time, worked my day job, polished my idea and researched this new world of business startups. I did well at my job, I did well to polish my startup and I learned about Y-Combinator accelerator. I thought that my startup idea should get me in the door to my first accelerator program. After all my startup idea had a very noble and good social cause. (our insolvent retirement problem) The startup idea fell into one their business category; Financial Services. And the startup idea has global scalability. Well, after three tries my startup idea was just not enough to convince them to accept me.
In-between those three tries, I’ve applied to other accelerator programs and continued my due diligence to learn as much as I can about this new entrepreneurial world. I learned that you have to have a team. Many accelerators don’t accept single founder startups. I’m a business minded person, so I needed a tech person who would be able to do coding and/or web/mobile development. In Korea, because of my limited Korean vernacular, this became a challenge. And since I was tackling a big issue, it was even more of a turnoff. I am having difficulty forming a team for my startup idea because of… well… the project is huge, multifaceted and it would involve educating the market of a new retirement system.
A new found friend gave me an idea to do an Initial Coin Offering (ICO) to fundraise my project. Cryptocurrency is not new to me anymore. In fact, cryptocurrency would have its place in this new startup of mine. The process to begin an ICO project to fundraise begins with at least a $25,000 starting. I don’t have that lying around. But I still proceeded with writing a ‘Whitepaper’ for the project. It is the business plan for starting a cryptocurrency. Still, the seed money to start an ICO launch is at the least $25,000 away. Launching an ICO would benefit this project and give it legs to walk and later run. Many ICOs, in my opinion, are redundant these days and the project for the coins doesn’t make real sense. With the exception of a few.
Some ICO projects are worth looking into like PledgeCamp and Solve.Care. But, some recording breaking ICOs like FETCH or KAKAO TALK that raised crazy millions of dollars were backed by Big name companies. While the first two I mentioned are really trying to solve real-world problems. The second two names are solving problems too, but the social value for society are two different measuring sticks. I prefer projects that solve social problems like mine.
The problems I have getting to launch seems like they are all huge problems. There are certain ‘Don’t Do’ rules in the ‘startup’ world. One of them is ‘Don’t’ spam or cold email your ‘Pitch Deck’ or business plans to an investor. People who write or give speeches on Youtube advice against this. They suggest looking for a warm introduction or a referral to an investor. I’m in Korea, and I don’t have a network of referrals to introduce me to an investor. Tough luck for me. Korea and I am sure other Asian or South East Asia countries are also notorious for scalping business ideas. Truthfully there are genuine good Korean investors. But, I am strongly inclined to begin this ‘startup’ in America.
Not having a tech person is also a hindrance. I understand the value and the need for a tech person can bring to help launch this project. The problem is the tech person also can’t leave their paying job and work for free. Another thought I have is, I would like my future mentoinvestor to also have a say who the tech person should be. If I chose a Korean tech person and the business needs to be born in America, I feel the distance would cause a problem. There is a higher level of comfort working with a team side by side than working with a co-founder overseas. While I’m awake my co-founder would be sleeping and vice versa.
Getting through to accelerators is very difficult. The referral system works great with accelerators too. If I could meet a CEO who graduated from an accelerator, then maybe I can get a warm referral or introduction to an accelerator but that is not guaranteed either. Filling out their lengthy thought-provoking application will give insight to the founder but because there are too many applicants, getting feedback as to why we were not accepted is not going to happen.
Fundraising from friends and family to get started was another suggestion I read. There were many suggestions actually, about six to 10 different ways to get funding outside of accelerators. But many of those web articles just wouldn’t apply to an expat with a startup idea. For example, a foreigner getting a bank loan is tough without having roots or collateral. And my social network of friends and family are not financially rich to afford the risk that comes with investing in a startup business. Everyone knows statistically that 80% of new businesses fail in 18 months.
I am still determined to get my startup idea funded whether through an investor or an ICO. I believe my project can help millions of people worried about their retirement finances. This startup idea can also help cities and nations rally their economy towards growth and stability. I have been encouraged by the many individuals who have heard my pitch to not give up because in a word they have ‘Validated’ this startup idea of mine.
For the entrepreneurs who are feeling frustrated for the countless rejections or difficulties they are facing, I can only offer words of encouragement and keep your ‘hopes’ alive and strong. It is no joke trying to be a startup founder. It is and will be a challenge going forward. And for those who have succeeded, I implore you to ‘Pay it Forward’ and try to make yourself available to help the little unknown founder.
I just submitted my startup idea to another accelerator program, that only accepts 5 startups from over a thousand applicants. Reflecting on this moment I felt inspired to write about my experience thus far. I pray that this will be my last application to fill out, until I complete at least one accelerator program. Thanks for reading.
submitted by rickysem to startups [link] [comments]

I hate my Fucking Mining Rig - Short Story of my mining adventure (Don't really hate it)

Wanted to write a short write up on my journey of Crypto mining for some of the newer people and people who want to get into it. Not trying to discourage anyone from starting, but want to show the progression of a newbie.
So I am a good with computers and learned of Bitcoin when it was about $7 a coin. Laughed at the idea of some computer doing some math and getting some BS currency. Million dollar mistake on my part, but hindsight is always 20/20.
Anyways, Learned about ethereum in May. Bought some at around $180 and bought all the way up to $330. Now to the mining rig. Ran all of the calculations and with a 180 hashrate and 900 watts I was gonna get 6-7 Eth per month. Shit was gonna be profitable in under 3 months. I was gonna be a fucking crypto allstar and be rich as fuck!
Bought all of my parts literally the day before they were nonexistent. Literally bought the last RX480's from Amazon. Here is a list of my parts.
Asrock board Pentium dual core processor 4 Gb of ram 128 gb SSD 1200 watt Rosewill PSU 6 Sata to Molex PCI Risers (Junk) 6 RX480's - 2 Asus Strix, 4 Gigabyte Total cost - Roughly $2,500 (Pennies compared to my future ROI)
Please keep in mind that I am not posting every single miner issue that I ran into such as fucking with Wattman for a few weeks before learning about Trixx and Afterburner.
I've built computers before, so that part wasn't hard. Set everything up and get windows 10 running.
Problem 1 - Computer doesn't see all of the cards. Had to run the drivers a few times and tweak some shit, but got all 6 cards seen.
Miner hurdle (See what I did there) but off to the races. Let's get this bitch running so I can begin planning my retirement.
Get Claymore running, Got Trixx to overclock. Ran my cards at -96, 1200, 2200 fans at 85% (Cause I'm cool like that.) Major stability issues from the start. 1 card (Asus) would crash all the time. Didn't know about the watch dog feature in claymore that would restart my rig when a card crashed. Great feature but my computer would go into this state of having power, but not loading the operating system. Even if it did restart, most of the time claymore would get stuck right before setting the dag's and would just lock up. (Claymore program is awesome by the way, this was my rigs fault)
Could not get this fucking Asus card to stop crashing, even on stock settings. Sent the bitch back RMA style. Asus said something was wrong and sent me a new one.
Awesome, lets get this bitch running. I need to start looking at sick houses in Costa Rica to move to once I am rich as Fuck!
New card makes things better for a few days. Not 100% stable but better. Go to vegas for a driving thing (Race cars - Future rich guy stuff) and this mechanical demon starts crashing every few hours. Luckily I had Google remote desktop installed so I could log on and restart it or change settings in Trixx. Had to have my GF unplug it and plug it in a few times.
Get back home, fuck with this thing but still random crashes on random cards. Decide it is the PCI risers. Contact seller who will send me some more for free. Slow boat from china took two weeks to get them. They arrive but still some of them are bad. Can't seem to piece together 6 good ones.
Did some research online (Ethereum Forum and Reddit) and decided to get some new style of risers V007 6 Pin to Sata ($70) and they take a month to get here. Plug them all in and they seem to be working much better. Decent stability, But I ain't got time for fucking stock bios. Let's ramp these bitches up and get 32 MHs per card at 600 watts from the wall!
Actually flashing the bios was pretty easy. Thank you 6 pound 9 ounce baby jesus! Long story short had some major stability issues and bounced around with some different timing straps before finding the right ones. (Uber 3.1 for Samsung memory)
So now that we've got some good hash speeds and decent stability let's ramp this private ATM up a little bit by dual mining some Decred. Get dual mining up and running. go to sleep. Wake up the next morning expecting to see myself on the top 100 forbes list. look at my mining rig stats on my phone and see that it died roughly and hour after I went to sleep. Walked toward my rig on the red carpet I had just installed and saw that it was off. Flicked on the light to check it out. No light, WTF? Well I'll be god damned, no power in this whole fucking room. Checked my breakers and sure enough this metal motherfucker tripped my breaker.
No worries though. I'm smart as fuck. I'll just undervolt the shit out of it to get the power down. No way in hell I am just mining ether. I'm going balls to the wall!
As you can expect I had many days of stability issues and tripped breakers. But fuck it, I have homeowners insurance. Burning it to the ground will be covered. (Didn't happen)
My surge protector must be maxed out. Let's buy a bigger one ($25). Same issues.
Fuck Decred, I'll mine SIA, less power. Damn I'm smart.
Rig is more stable with Sia and no tripped breakers. Family medical emergency, have to fly north for a few days. But my rig has been fairly stable and I've got remote desktop if anything goes wrong.
Arrive at airport, check mining stats, rig is down. No worries remote desktop. FUCK, not responsive, no way to remote into the rig and no way to remotely power it off and on.
Lost 4 days of mining. But no worries the difficulty is only, Holy shit that's high! But the price of Ether will make up for it. Ether crashed to the $200's. Oh well, maybe a 10 room house in Costa instead of a 12. No sweat.
Get back to my house and this whore of a machine is just sitting there in a computer coma. It's on but it's not. LED lights glaring at me like "Fuck you human, I ain't doing your stupid math problems!" Fuck you machine, I'm your master. You will do my math problems and you will fucking like it.
My AMD Drivers seem to disappear and the computer goes into a coma like state. Someone on Reddit suggested using the 16.9.2 drivers. Installed and they worked better.
Still random crashing. This shitty PSU must be maxed out. Fuck you PSU, I'm getting you a little brother (EVGA 750 gold $120.)
What do you mean you have to jerry rig a second PSU so it starts without being connected to a motherboard? 2 more hours of my life wasted.
But finally some stability. On my way to being fucking rich. I start looking at people in bentley's and can only laugh. You dumb fuck, I'm gonna be way richer then you. Gonna get a Bugatti for each day of the week.
Damn this difficulty is a bitch. Fuck you Genesis Mining and your pallets of GPU's. You're killing me smalls!
But anyway, on my way to rolling around in my fuck you money!
Fuck you dag file 135, you're killing my future millions. Fuck you dag 138, you dropped me to 167 mhs.
Thank god AMD was there to save my ass with their dope ass blockchain drivers.
download, run DDU, Restart, install drivers, restart, run pixel patch, restart. Perfect, I'm in the money now! I can taste the caviar and champagne already.
Now my cards only run 4 Mhs each. WTF? Try a bunch of the other new drivers. Same shit. Roll back to 16.9.2 and they run fine, just at 167 instead of 180.
Someone on a forum said he had the same issue and did a fresh install of windows 10 and it worked.
So I'll just reformat my SSD (Windows wouldn't do a fresh install within the operating system. Fuck you Bill Gates! Gonna buy you once I get this thing running at 180.)
Format SSD, plug back in, throw in my gangster ass boot USB drive. Ramdisk error. Fuck you Bill Gates! Reformat SSD multiple times, lots of forum reading. Install windows from another computer through command prompt (I'm a coder now as well.) This shit has got to work, I did it in command prompt bitches!
Same fucking error. Now down to an 8 bedroom house in Costa and only 6 Bugattis.
Let's try unplugging my 6 cards and see if that works. Thank you 6 pound 9 ounce baby jesus. Windows installed.
New drivers work and I'm back at 180! Raking in the cash now.
With those speeds my Asus cards crashed. Had to dial down the hashrate to 177.5 for them to be stable. So now going to use some commands in claymore to run the Asus cards at lower speeds while letting my other cards mine harder.
I wrote this to let people know that mining isn't all Bugatti's and caviar. These machines are fickle little cunts that do what they want. No system is the same. So when you post on a forum, people will give you advice on what may work. But what works for them, may not work on your rig. In the end it's up to you to figure it out.
I have spent countless hours after work and on weekends working on this bitch. Hell I've probably spent a few hours just staring at it and thinking about all of the ways I could destroy it slowly.
While I love Etheruem and do value the knowledge gained, I would have made more money just buying Eth and holding.
The guys you see on youtube building sick rigs with crazy specs have been at it for a while. They have worked through the process and know how to solve all of the problems. You have not and will have to work them out on your own.
My whore of a rig will pay for itself soon. But I would suggest that if you want to start building a new mining rig. Check the difficulty chart and make sure you have tons of free time to fuck with it.
I'd post my wallet address for donations since I just saved you $2,600. But I am afraid hackers will steal my monies :)
Hope you enjoyed my mining life story from the past few months.
submitted by dank4us12 to EtherMining [link] [comments]

Repost - I hate my Fucking Mining rig! (Not really)(Long)

Wanted to write a short write up on my journey of Crypto mining for some of the newer people and people who want to get into it. Not trying to discourage anyone from starting, but want to show the progression of a newbie.
So I am a good with computers and learned of Bitcoin when it was about $7 a coin. Laughed at the idea of some computer doing some math and getting some BS currency. Million dollar mistake on my part, but hindsight is always 20/20.
Anyways, Learned about ethereum in May. Bought some at around $180 and bought all the way up to $330. Now to the mining rig. Ran all of the calculations and with a 180 hashrate and 900 watts I was gonna get 6-7 Eth per month. Shit was gonna be profitable in under 3 months. I was gonna be a fucking crypto allstar and be rich as fuck!
Bought all of my parts literally the day before they were nonexistent. Literally bought the last RX480's from Amazon. Here is a list of my parts.
Asrock board Pentium dual core processor 4 Gb of ram 128 gb SSD 1200 watt Rosewill PSU 6 Sata to Molex PCI Risers (Junk) 6 RX480's - 2 Asus Strix, 4 Gigabyte Total cost - Roughly $2,500 (Pennies compared to my future ROI)
Please keep in mind that I am not posting every single miner issue that I ran into such as fucking with Wattman for a few weeks before learning about Trixx and Afterburner.
I've built computers before, so that part wasn't hard. Set everything up and get windows 10 running.
Problem 1 - Computer doesn't see all of the cards. Had to run the drivers a few times and tweak some shit, but got all 6 cards seen.
Miner hurdle (See what I did there) but off to the races. Let's get this bitch running so I can begin planning my retirement.
Get Claymore running, Got Trixx to overclock. Ran my cards at -96, 1200, 2200 fans at 85% (Cause I'm cool like that.) Major stability issues from the start. 1 card (Asus) would crash all the time. Didn't know about the watch dog feature in claymore that would restart my rig when a card crashed. Great feature but my computer would go into this state of having power, but not loading the operating system. Even if it did restart, most of the time claymore would get stuck right before setting the dag's and would just lock up. (Claymore program is awesome by the way, this was my rigs fault)
Could not get this fucking Asus card to stop crashing, even on stock settings. Sent the bitch back RMA style. Asus said something was wrong and sent me a new one.
Awesome, lets get this bitch running. I need to start looking at sick houses in Costa Rica to move to once I am rich as Fuck!
New card makes things better for a few days. Not 100% stable but better. Go to vegas for a driving thing (Race cars - Future rich guy stuff) and this mechanical demon starts crashing every few hours. Luckily I had Google remote desktop installed so I could log on and restart it or change settings in Trixx. Had to have my GF unplug it and plug it in a few times.
Get back home, fuck with this thing but still random crashes on random cards. Decide it is the PCI risers. Contact seller who will send me some more for free. Slow boat from china took two weeks to get them. They arrive but still some of them are bad. Can't seem to piece together 6 good ones.
Did some research online (Ethereum Forum and Reddit) and decided to get some new style of risers V007 6 Pin to Sata ($70) and they take a month to get here. Plug them all in and they seem to be working much better. Decent stability, But I ain't got time for fucking stock bios. Let's ramp these bitches up and get 32 MHs per card at 600 watts from the wall!
Actually flashing the bios was pretty easy. Thank you 6 pound 9 ounce baby jesus! Long story short had some major stability issues and bounced around with some different timing straps before finding the right ones. (Uber 3.1 for Samsung memory)
So now that we've got some good hash speeds and decent stability let's ramp this private ATM up a little bit by dual mining some Decred. Get dual mining up and running. go to sleep. Wake up the next morning expecting to see myself on the top 100 forbes list. look at my mining rig stats on my phone and see that it died roughly and hour after I went to sleep. Walked toward my rig on the red carpet I had just installed and saw that it was off. Flicked on the light to check it out. No light, WTF? Well I'll be god damned, no power in this whole fucking room. Checked my breakers and sure enough this metal motherfucker tripped my breaker.
No worries though. I'm smart as fuck. I'll just undervolt the shit out of it to get the power down. No way in hell I am just mining ether. I'm going balls to the wall!
As you can expect I had many days of stability issues and tripped breakers. But fuck it, I have homeowners insurance. Burning it to the ground will be covered. (Didn't happen)
My surge protector must be maxed out. Let's buy a bigger one ($25). Same issues.
Fuck Decred, I'll mine SIA, less power. Damn I'm smart.
Rig is more stable with Sia and no tripped breakers. Family medical emergency, have to fly north for a few days. But my rig has been fairly stable and I've got remote desktop if anything goes wrong.
Arrive at airport, check mining stats, rig is down. No worries remote desktop. FUCK, not responsive, no way to remote into the rig and no way to remotely power it off and on.
Lost 4 days of mining. But no worries the difficulty is only, Holy shit that's high! But the price of Ether will make up for it. Ether crashed to the $200's. Oh well, maybe a 10 room house in Costa instead of a 12. No sweat.
Get back to my house and this whore of a machine is just sitting there in a computer coma. It's on but it's not. LED lights glaring at me like "Fuck you human, I ain't doing your stupid math problems!" Fuck you machine, I'm your master. You will do my math problems and you will fucking like it.
My AMD Drivers seem to disappear and the computer goes into a coma like state. Someone on Reddit suggested using the 16.9.2 drivers. Installed and they worked better.
Still random crashing. This shitty PSU must be maxed out. Fuck you PSU, I'm getting you a little brother (EVGA 750 gold $120.)
What do you mean you have to jerry rig a second PSU so it starts without being connected to a motherboard? 2 more hours of my life wasted.
But finally some stability. On my way to being fucking rich. I start looking at people in bentley's and can only laugh. You dumb fuck, I'm gonna be way richer then you. Gonna get a Bugatti for each day of the week.
Damn this difficulty is a bitch. Fuck you Genesis Mining and your pallets of GPU's. You're killing me smalls!
But anyway, on my way to rolling around in my fuck you money!
Fuck you dag file 135, you're killing my future millions. Fuck you dag 138, you dropped me to 167 mhs.
Thank god AMD was there to save my ass with their dope ass blockchain drivers.
download, run DDU, Restart, install drivers, restart, run pixel patch, restart. Perfect, I'm in the money now! I can taste the caviar and champagne already.
Now my cards only run 4 Mhs each. WTF? Try a bunch of the other new drivers. Same shit. Roll back to 16.9.2 and they run fine, just at 167 instead of 180.
Someone on a forum said he had the same issue and did a fresh install of windows 10 and it worked.
So I'll just reformat my SSD (Windows wouldn't do a fresh install within the operating system. Fuck you Bill Gates! Gonna buy you once I get this thing running at 180.)
Format SSD, plug back in, throw in my gangster ass boot USB drive. Ramdisk error. Fuck you Bill Gates! Reformat SSD multiple times, lots of forum reading. Install windows from another computer through command prompt (I'm a coder now as well.) This shit has got to work, I did it in command prompt bitches!
Same fucking error. Now down to an 8 bedroom house in Costa and only 6 Bugattis.
Let's try unplugging my 6 cards and see if that works. Thank you 6 pound 9 ounce baby jesus. Windows installed.
New drivers work and I'm back at 180! Raking in the cash now.
With those speeds my Asus cards crashed. Had to dial down the hashrate to 177.5 for them to be stable. So now going to use some commands in claymore to run the Asus cards at lower speeds while letting my other cards mine harder.
I wrote this to let people know that mining isn't all Bugatti's and caviar. These machines are fickle little cunts that do what they want. No system is the same. So when you post on a forum, people will give you advice on what may work. But what works for them, may not work on your rig. In the end it's up to you to figure it out.
I have spent countless hours after work and on weekends working on this bitch. Hell I've probably spent a few hours just staring at it and thinking about all of the ways I could destroy it slowly.
While I love Etheruem and do value the knowledge gained, I would have made more money just buying Eth and holding.
The guys you see on youtube building sick rigs with crazy specs have been at it for a while. They have worked through the process and know how to solve all of the problems. You have not and will have to work them out on your own.
My whore of a rig will pay for itself soon. But I would suggest that if you want to start building a new mining rig. Check the difficulty chart and make sure you have tons of free time to fuck with it.
I'd post my wallet address for donations since I just saved you $2,600. But I am afraid hackers will steal my monies :)
Hope you enjoyed my mining life story from the past few months.
Edit - Had an Asus card die on me and replaced it with a 1070ti. Nvidia is so much easier!
My rosewill 1200 watt PSU melted the 8 pin port and cable. Had to drop $300 on Amazons last 1300 EVGA.
But my rig has well surpassed it's cost and is still mining away like a champ. Eth for life!
submitted by dank4us12 to EtherMining [link] [comments]

Of Wolves and Weasels - Day 45 - Breadth and Scope

Hey all! GoodShibe here!
Yesterday I spoke about those off doing great work on our behalf, taking the lead or pushing the boundaries of what Dogecoin can do.
I think today is a great chance for everyone to get a real sense of what's going on here - what a group of 65,000+ Shibes has and is accomplishing as we speak (err... type).
So, please, if I've forgotten anyone, don't feel bad -- especially if you're doing something in another sub -- just let me know in the comments and I'll add it to the list, okay?
Here we go!
Recently Completed Projects
Announcements/Shares
Competitions/Promotions
Merchants
Services
In Progress
Have I missed something? I'm sure I've missed something! I can keep going but I'm already running late for work (got carried away)! Post in the comments and I'll add as I have time over the course of the day :D)
It's 9:14AM EST and we're at 52.53% of DOGEs found. Our Global Hashrate is spiking from ~68 to ~89 Gigahashes per second but our Difficulty is still riding low at ~1027!
Go! Mine! Have fun!
As always, I appreciate your support!
GoodShibe
submitted by GoodShibe to dogecoin [link] [comments]

QRL Versus IOTA - An Overview of Quantum Resistant Cryptography

QRL and IOTA (iota) are quantum resistant cryptocurrencies - to my knowledge, they are the only such cryptocurrencies. I wanted to learn some more about the differences between the two and I thought it would be helpful to share my research with the QRL community.
Disclaimer: I own an amount of both QRL and IOTA.
QRL
QRL uses hash-based XMSS digital signatures and Winternitz OTS+ digital signatures for security. The QRL protocol is a custom POS algorithm which uses iterative hash-chains for randomness. (Source)
And we're in the weeds already. Here are some definitions:
Hash-based cryptography: This is the digital security which is implemented by a cryptocurrency. The different types of digital security are defined as digital signature schemes. There are many different signatures out there: Bitcoin uses Secure Hash Algorithm 256-bit (SHA-256); Ethereum uses Ethash; QRL uses XMSS - see below.
XMSS: A hash-based signature scheme (eXtended Merkle Signature Scheme). XMSS is designed specifically as an efficient post-quantum signature scheme. XMSS is PQ-CRYPTO recommended. ("PQ-Crypto is a forum for researchers to present results and exchange ideas on the topic of cryptography in an era with large-scale quantum computers." I won't go much more into this, although it appears to be a solid endorsement of the digital signatures chosen by QRL.)
Winternitz OTS+ (W-OTS+): A hash-based signature scheme, or more specifically a Winternitz type one-time signature scheme (W-OTS). Here is an extract from the QRL Whitepaper explaining the difference between OTS and OTS+ signatures:
Buchmann introduced a variant of the original Winternitz OTS by changing the iterating one-way function to instead be applied to a random number, x, repeatedly but this time parameterised by a key, k, which is generated from the previous iteration of fk(x). This is strongly unforgeable under adaptive chosen message attacks when using a pseudo random function (PRF) and a security proof can be computed for given parameters. It eliminates the need for a collision resistant hash function family by performing a random walk through the function instead of simple iteration. Huelsing introduced a further variant W-OTS+, enabling creation of smaller signatures for equivalent bit security through the addition of a bitmask XOR in the iterative chaining function. Another difference between W-OTS(2011 variant)/ W-OTS+ and W-OTS is that the message is parsed log2(w) bits at a time rather than w, decreasing hash function iterations but increasing keys and signature sizes.
Future improvements planned for QRL include second layer protocol enhancements: an Ephemeral messaging layer which uses lattice-based crypto to enable completely private, and cryptographically authenticated end-end post-quantum secure data channels. As these are not yet implemented, I will not dig into them.
IOTA
IOTA uses a custom hash-based signature called Kerl and implements Winternitz digital signatures for security. Kerl is written in ternary/trinary, as compared to the traditional binary.
Kerl is the recently upgraded version of Curl, which was upgraded due to the discovery of a security flaw. (The details of this flaw are best left for another post. I discovered this news while researching this post; I will assume Kerl solves the vulnerability issues of Curl for the purposes of this post.)
The official explanation of the quantum proof nature of IOTA is as follows (emphasis mine):
IOTA uses hash-based signatures (https://www.imperialviolet.org/2013/07/18/hashsig.html) instead of elliptic curve cryptography (ECC). Not only is hash-based signatures a lot faster than ECC, but it also greatly simplifies the overall protocol (signing and verification). What actually makes IOTA quantum-secure is the fact that we use Winternitz signatures. IOTA's ternary hash function is called Curl.
And here is the explanation direct from the IOTA Whitepaper:
4.3 Resistance to quantum computations
It is known that a (today still hypothetical) sufficiently large quantum computer can be very efficient for handling problems where only way to solve it is to guess answers repeatedly and check them. The process of finding a nonce in order to generate a Bitcoin block is a good example of such a problem. As of today, in average one must check around 268 nonces to find a suitable hash that allows to generate a block. It is known (see e.g. [13]) that a quantum computer would need Θ(√N) operations to solve a problem of the above sort that needs Θ(N) operations on a classical computer. Therefore, a quantum computer would be around √2 68 = 234 ≈ 17 billion times more efficient in Bitcoin mining than a classical one. Also, it is worth noting that if blockchain does not increase its difficulty in response to increased hashing power, that would lead to increased rate of orphaned blocks.
Observe that, for the same reason, the “large weight” attack described above would also be much more efficient on a quantum computer. However, capping the weight from above (as suggested in Section 4) would effectively fence off a quantum computer attack as well, due to the following reason. In iota, the number of nonces that one needs to check in order to find a suitable hash for issuing a transaction is not so huge, it is only around 38. The gain of efficiency for an “ideal” quantum computer would be therefore of order 34 = 81, which is already quite acceptable (also, remember that Θ(√N) could easily mean 10√N or so). Also, the algorithm is such that the time to find a nonce is not much larger than the time needed for other tasks necessary to issue a transaction, and the latter part is much more resistant against quantum computing.
Therefore, the above discussion suggests that the tangle provides a much better protection against an adversary with a quantum computer compared to the (Bitcoin) blockchain.
Conclusion
QRL and IOTA both use Winternitz-based digital signatures. Based on my understanding, these two are both reliably quantum resistant. However, QRL's Winternitz OTS+ has the edge on IOTA due to the introduction of additional randomized variables in the generation of the digital signatures. Whether this additional level of randomization is significant, I cannot say.
One takeaway from this research was the conclusion that both QRL and IOTA may be quantum resistant, but they do not appear to be quantum proof. However, like many elements of this analysis, that may not prove to be a significant distinction. In the event of a quantum attack on Bitcoin or another non-quantum resistant cryptocurrency, I would imagine the distinction disappears entirely (in the short term).
Please chime in if you see any errors or are able to shed light on any of the discussed topics. A healthy, critical discussion is good for QRL, for IOTA, and for all other cryptocurrencies.
References (some of these have been linked to already):
https://hacked.com/quantum-resistant-ledger-readies-battle-quantum-computing-hires-testers-seeks-feedback/ (This reference was particularly useful)
https://cryptopotato.com/qrl-taking-quantum-computers/
https://cs.stackexchange.com/questions/586/could-quantum-computing-eventually-be-used-to-make-modern-day-hashing-trivial-to/751#751
https://huelsing.files.wordpress.com/2013/05/wotsspr.pdf
The QRL Whitepaper
The IOTA Whitepaper
Previous comparison discussion: https://www.reddit.com/QRL/comments/6ywi2q/how_does_qrl_compare_to_iota/
submitted by HoagiesFortune to QRL [link] [comments]

Focus on the vision for Bitcoin, not just its price.

Preamble
The purpose of this post is not to discourage enthusiasm over the recent appreciation of Bitcoin. Everyone here is excited, and rightly so. I’ve put this together because I think people are getting a bit caught up in price mania and losing sight of the bigger picture.
The ideas I’ve pulled together here are pretty condensed as it is, so unfortunately I have no TLDR. I don't claim to have a prophecy to share, or concrete answers to questions about where Bitcoin will go in the future -- nobody does. But that doesn't mean there's nothing to talk about.
I would suggest reading slowly and giving your imagination time to picture or "render" things. There is no other way to grasp Bitcoin.
Final preamble: I know there are people in this sub who are here just for the gains -- they freely admit it, and they laugh at how "true believers" will be left holding the bag when they sell. My hope is that those of you who feel this way will have an open mind. You might see things in a new light, who knows?
Here we go…
The Medium is the Message
In the 1960s, a Canadian professor named Marshall McLuhan became widely known for his thorough analysis of the evolution of communication technologies. His central precept was that communication technologies have dramatic effects on populations regardless of the content they carry at any particular moment. The radio, for example, allowed private microphones to broadcast to widely distributed speakers, which enabled the amplification of private viewpoints on a public scale. This had profound effects on society that played out regardless of what particular messages were carried over particular radio frequencies at particular times.
McLuhan’s famous aphorism, “The Medium is the Message,” is a distillation of this precept. In point form: 1) each new communication technology changes the environment into which it is introduced; and 2) the net effect of a technology over time is both far more interesting and harder to discern than the effect of any particular use of that technology or phase of its development. In other words, it is harder to see the forest for the trees, but seeing the forest is everything.
So: what effect will Bitcoin have on the world over the long run? What is the meaning of Bitcoin?
The Roman Model
To understand where we might be going, we have to first understand how we got to where we are. In the West, our societies are founded on the Classical traditions which were seeded in Ancient Greece and “scaled” so to speak in Ancient Rome. McLuhan had a lot to say about this from a technological point of view:
The development of writing on lightweight media such as papyrus and parchment enabled the externalization of knowledge. Thus, the oral traditions of Ancient Greece were subsumed and replaced by written traditions which were far less lossy and could be refined over time. Writing on lightweight media also enabled the centralized control of vast resources over large distances, which would have been impossible using engraved stone or oral communication. This was perfected by the Romans and thrown into overdrive by Johannes Gutenberg's invention of the printing press around 1450.
In its abstract form, the Roman model takes the form of bureaucracy – hierarchical organization -- and this model has underpinned the structuring of society in the West for the past two thousand years. Look up "org chart" on Google Images if you can't picture one. Our societies are comprised of org charts within org charts within org charts -- try the following searches on Google Images: military org chart, bank org chart, government org chart, university org chart. Everything in our society is centralized, bureaucratized, and nested within the context of the nation state which is run by a central bureaucracy called the government, itself divided into departments within departments, orgs within orgs.
This is not to say that humans didn't organize hierarchically before ancient Rome -- of course they did, as do apes, dogs, chickens, etc. However, in a social hierarchy such as a tribe, there is a scale limit (Dunbar's number, 150) because each member must know his place and his role as well as the places and roles of all other members. The hierarchy lives inside its members' minds and looks more like a swarm than an org chart. Bitcoin is, of course, this type of network, where each node has full knowledge of the state of the network and participates in it voluntarily.
Bureaucracy, on the other hand, is based on the writing down of roles (job descriptions) and makes people interchangeable. There is no limit to scale as long as you map everything out carefully (management). The lifeblood of bureaucracy is the transmission of written forms of information (paper-pushing) from the center to the periphery along defined, linear routes. Each node receives its orders, performs its specialized role, delegates if the role requires it, and then awaits new orders. Privilege and planning are concentrated near the center -- as is risk.
These structures are inherently fragile and collapsible. If you undermine a high-value node as happened in the collapse of Lehman Brothers, the whole edifice collapses. The entire global financial system barely withstood the collapse of a single American bank - it is that fragile.
Each nation's banking system is likewise a matrix of bureaucracies operating as a single, hierarchical supply chain whose product (the national currency) flows outward from a central node (the central bank) through successively less privileged nodes (investment and commercial banks) down to the level of branches and ATMs. At each level of the banking system, additional product is created and loaned out (credit/debt) using the productfrom the level above as a stake (fractional reserve lending). The banking systems are insulated from competition by governments through the decree that taxes must be paid in national currencies. And to keep the currencies moving, everyone is raised from birth to want more and then given the appearance of more through the creation of more by fiat, meaning by arbitrary decree, without any necessary connection to the creation of new wealth. This is inflation: the steady creation of new money to repay debt and keep the show going. It is a Ponzi scheme by design, and it relies the continued "buying-in" of young people in order to survive.
Each national currency has value and utility only by decree and only within that nation's cell in the global mosaic. To move value from one nation to the next requires snaking it through tenuous international pathways, paying entrenched gatekeepers, and exchanging one national currency for another. You have to be somebody to access the banking system. The more somebody you are, the more access you get. It is principally through control of economic access that strong nations bully weaker ones, rich people bully poorer ones. There is tremendous pent up tension in our world as a result. This is where we are.
The Center Cannot Hold
McLuhan predicted that the advent of the electronic age and the emergence of global communication networks would lead to the dissolution of these centralized, bureaucratic structures from the bottom up. He died before the spread of the Internet but described the end result with crystal clarity in his writings. His vision of an interconnected world, which he called the "Global Village," is here now. Every person has the ability to broadcast information to others in their networks over the Internet. If a transmission is perceived as having sufficient value, the receiving people pass it on, and so on. Above a certain threshold of significance, transmissions are repeated by all people to all other people: this is virality and there is nothing that institutions can do to harness or stop it. The Arab Spring for example brought down an array of national governments in a span of months.
Like a rising tide, global communication networks are bringing about an inevitable dissolution of the Roman model all around us: the music industry was upended by Napster; newspapers are being displaced by twitter and blogs; radio stations are being displaced by podcasts; broadcasters are being displaced by Netflix and YouTube; brick-and-mortar stores are being displaced by Amazon and eBay; AirBnb is gobbling up rental supply; traditional transportation services are being displaced by Uber; and now decentralized currencies are coming after centralized ones. Quoting W.B. Yates: “Things fall apart; the center cannot hold; Mere anarchy is loosed upon the world.”
It is important to realize that even though the post-Dot-Com networks like Facebook and eBay were more effective than their institutional predecessors, they are still quite fragile since they are centralized. They can be hacked, compromised, back-doored, subpoenaed, or otherwise shut down. In contrast, a truly decentralized network is perfectly flat and impossible to shut down. The music industry could kill Napster by going after Sean Parker, but it cannot touch BitTorrent. True decentralization, at scale, is one of the principal reasons why Bitcoin is secure: whatever it becomes, it cannot be stopped because there is no center to hold, and nothing to attack.
At this point, I think it makes sense to explain how Bitcoin works, and why it has value. If those questions can't be answered clearly, there's no basis for thinking Bitcoin will disrupt traditional banking. I do, however, think there are very good answers to those questions which I'll try to present below.
Bitcoin and Blockchain
Imagine you live in a pre-historic tribe of ten people. As a group, you need to find a way to keep track of who did what work, and in what quantity. In other words, you need an abstract “work unit” that can be traded for work and held for use in future exchanges. You could use shiny rocks or something else similarly rare, but people would still be able to cheat the system: why do actual work if you can simply go on a hunt in the forest and find new rocks?
One solution is to create a ledger or list that keeps track of how many rocks each person has. If the ledger is the authority on who has what, people would not be able to inflate their balances by introducing new rocks or other work units from outside the system. The problem is, everyone has to trust the keeper of the ledger. If only one entity maintains the ledger, they ultimately control how much money everyone has (banks).
Decentralization is the solution to this problem. You can write down ten copies of the ledger and distribute a copy to each person in the tribe. At the end of the day, everyone could cross-check the transactions that took place with everyone else and a consensus could be formed about who has what without appealing to a central authority.
Eventually, the people might realize that the rocks themselves are unnecessary, and that it is actually the ledger that is important. The rocks, like all currencies, are meant to track work. If a ledger is already doing that, the rocks themselves become extraneous. The actual units of currency are the work units on the ledger. And if everyone agrees to use the same ledger, its work units have value.
The blockchain is that ledger and Bitcoin is its work unit.
Proof of Work
In the illustration above we can see that the utility of a blockchain is that it enables distributed peers to prove to each other that they have done work, and to trade their work units freely without appealing to a trusted intermediary. The obvious next question is: what proof do we have that we can trust the Bitcoin blockchain?
Bitcoin mining is based on a Proof of Work consensus mechanism. To put this as simply as I can, each and every mining node on the network is competing against the rest of the network to generate a small piece of data that proves it has performed an enormous number of computer operations using a batch of new, valid transactions as an input. The amount of work that it takes to successfully mine Bitcoin is dictated by how much computer power has voluntarily joined the mining network - and this is adjusted dynamically as miners enter and leave the network. Each operation requires a tiny bit of electricity since a computer must perform it, so as the difficulty of the Proof of Work operation scales, so too does the cost of generating it.
As of writing, the Bitcoin network is collectively performing about 8,250,000,000,000,000,000 operations per second, and it takes an average of about ten minutes worth of this grind for a single node on the network to successfully produce an acceptable proof of work and add a block of transactions to the blockchain. The winning node is awarded new Bitcoin by including a transaction in its block that credits its own wallet -- now we understand mining.
So you want to be a Bitcoin miner? Let's say you have a powerful gaming computer that can perform about 100,000 Bitcoin computer operations per second (a realistic amount by the way). It would have roughly a 1 in 82.5 quintillion chance of mining a block if you were to enter it into the mining race today. If you had a stack of 1000 of these gaming computers your odds of mining a block would improve to roughly 1 in 82.5 quadrillion. A million of them? 1 in 82.5 billion. Etc. Miners use specialize hardware to perform the computer operations, but the point still stands: it takes a staggering amount of computer power and thus a staggering amount of electricity to "get a word in" on the Bitcoin blockchain.
But let's say you get lucky and are able to generate a proof of work. That proof of work will be tied inexorably to whatever batch of transactions you are trying to add to the blockchain since those transactions were part of the input of the computer operation. Your transactions must be valid or else the rest of the network would reject your work. You wouldn’t be able to double-spend, create Bitcoin by fiat, or spend from balances that you don’t have the keys for. The network would reject your block.
The larger and more distributed the mining network is, the more cost-prohibitive it is to compromise it. In other words: the more people you have checking the ledger from different nations and backgrounds, the harder it is to override the distributed, international consensus. And that is why the Bitcoin blockchain can be trusted. It is audited by the largest computer network ever assembled and requires that an attacker control at least 51% of the network on a sustained basis.
The Open Blockchain
As more and more people use a blockchain, its units (e.g. Bitcoin) become more valuable. As the price of the base unit increases, it becomes more profitable to mine them at the prevailing level of difficulty, so more miners join the network. As more miners join the network, the level of difficulty increases and thus the robustness and security of the network increases. As the robustness of the network increases, it becomes more secure against attackers, so more users and investors are drawn to it. And so the price of the base unit increases. Which draws in more miners. Etc.
The adoption of a blockchain, like the adoption of any currency, is a virtuous circle -- one that Bitcoin has been nurturing successfully for nine years without any existential catastrophes. Bitcoin's heartbeat, the mining of a new block every ten minutes, has not skipped a single beat in nine years. There has not been a successful double-spend in nine years. There has not been a single accounting error in nine years. No balance has been mysteriously wiped off the blockchain in nine years. This track record has been established despite the fact that the blockchain is not protected by a firewall, or an institution, or shielded in a vault. It is not buried underground, or protected by obfuscation. It is out there in the wild of cyberspace for all to see and attack, secured purely by Proof of Work and sheer scale.
Bitcoin itself is valuable because it is the only work unit that can be included in a block of this particular, special blockchain: the open, global, transnational, borderless, censorship-resistant, permissionless, leaderless, most well-known, longest-running, and most-well-capitalized blockchain (credit to andreasma for this and many other insights). Because work units on this blockchain are scarce (per the 21-million cap), having the ability to sign for transfers of Bitcoin on the blockchain is a form of real control over scarce resources.
This is the pivotal point: to the degree that people around the world adopt and learn to trust the Bitcoin blockchain, its work units will have value. And it is Bitcoin's openness in particular that makes it the prime candidate for filling this role. Any computer on the planet can join the mining swarm at any time, just as anyone can join the network as a user, at any time, from any location. Even the Bitcoin development community is open-source and open to new developers provided they can prove their merits.
This is what is meant by The Open Blockchain: the Bitcoin blockchain is accessible everywhere and is open to anyone. It is welcoming. It enables people from different cells in the global mosaic to transact point-to-point, without snaking value through complicated interbank networks, without paying entrenched gatekeepers and intermediaries, and without having to convert from one currency to the next. If a country experiences a currency crisis, Bitcoin is a very real option because it enables people to transfer value out of hot spots and convert it into other currencies. The international monetary system is no match for this technology. Private blockchains are no match either.
Bitcoin’s Monetary Policy
Bitcoin is commonly referred to as "digital gold" since it is designed to function like a precious metal. The creation of new units follows something like the extraction curve of a natural resource. The issuance of new coins was steep at first but will taper off over time through successive “halvings” of the reward that miners receive for creating new blocks. Eventually, the issuance of new coins will approach an asymptotic limit of 21 million coins.
At each "halving", the rate of inflation is effectively cut in half, though it decreases ever so slightly with each new block. The current rate of inflation is about 4%. At the next halving in 2020, the inflation rate will be about 2%. In 2024, 1%. Etc.
The world has never before had access to a truly deflationary asset. Even currencies considered deflationary such as the Japanese Yen are not truly deflationary: the government can print an infinite amount even though deflation in Japan has inertia. Gold is not deflationary: new gold is mined every year. Bitcoin will eventually become truly deflationary, meaning the supply of available Bitcoins will contract year over year consistently. How is this possible, if there is no provision to destroy coins in the protocol?
There is guaranteed to be a year sometime in the future where more coins are lost due to people losing their keys than new coins are created. It will happen. As the miner reward decreases, years like this will become more common. In the distant future, decades will go by where every year is deflationary, and eventually it will be practically impossible for the supply of Bitcoin to not decrease in a given year.
Here is Bitcoin’s golden proposition: because it the first truly deflationary asset, it does not require interest payments or a never-ending influx of greater fools in order to provide a “yield” over the very long run. In the distant future, Bitcoin will have a low but predictable intrinsic expected return approximating its rate of deflation, as long as it remains secure.
When you combine Bitcoin's monetary policy with its robustness through distributed Proof of Work on a planetary scale, you end up with the basis for a global reserve asset more effective than anything else humans have ever had a chance to work with, including gold. Gold is modestly inflationary, it cannot be transmitted over a network, and it must be centrally secured and accounted for. Bitcoin has already obsolesced gold as a reserve technology, let alone Ponzi currencies like the dollar - most just don't know it yet. As people come to really understand Bitcoin’s monetary policy, they will flock to it as a safe haven, especially in troubled economies. If we have another 2008, Bitcoin will be very much in play.
Bitcoin as Money
People argue that Bitcoin's deflationary policy, high fees, and volatility make it ineffective as a medium of exchange. If you can expect a Bitcoin to be more valuable next year, why spend it this year? If it costs $20 in fees to buy a $3 coffee, who will use or accept it? If its value can double in a day, who will set prices in terms of Bitcoin exclusively? The truth is, Bitcoin is not yet ready for mass adoption as a day to day currency or unit of account. Anyone who tells you otherwise is getting ahead of the technology -- but this is temporary.
Just as the early Internet could only handle the transfer of simple text-based content but eventually scaled to allow everyone to stream 4k at the same time, so too Bitcoin will scale. The Lightning Network shows promise in this regard. It will enable and incentivize users to stake their Bitcoin on a second layer where payments are negotiated in a trustless manner between parties, instantly, and merely settled periodically on the blockchain. But even with today’s block congestion and high fees, Bitcoin is already cheaper and more efficient for large transfers of value than the banking system, especially internationally. People transfer hundreds of millions of dollars on the blockchain, securely, today.
Regarding volatility, we are still in the very early phases of adoption. Something like 10-20 million people own Bitcoin worldwide. Because the supply of Bitcoin cannot inflate to accommodate increased adoption, prices will continue to escalate in logarithmic fits and starts as adoption ramps up exponentially. Look up "adoption curve" on Google. We are still in the very early phases of the ramp-up, but eventually the curve will taper off and approach something like stability. We do not know how this will play out or how long it will take, and there will be serious volatility along the way; but if Bitcoin scales into a robust transnational currency trading on thousands or tens of thousands of exchanges worldwide, it will likely become more stable than most national currencies if not all.
Regarding deflation: over time, we will likely see new innovative uses of Bitcoin as a reserve for credit creation. People are clearly willing to operate in systems that use reserve-based lending, and they can work wonderfully: look at what humans accomplished in the 20th century! It is conceivable that Bitcoin could be used as a reserve for distributed, trustless, bank-like networks that issue their own tokens. We may end up using a modestly-inflationary cryptocurrency for day-to-day transactions and investment. There’s no way to know what people will come up with, but they will come up with things. And that is why Bitcoin must stay laser-focused on its role as the de facto reserve currency in the crypto-economy.
A Vision Statement for Bitcoin
Tying everything together: over the course of thousands of years, we have built our societies around the use of hierarchical principles of organization. These structures centralize control and privilege, but also risk. They are fragile. Too big to fail.
The invention and proliferation of the Internet paved the way for the dissolution of these structures, and over the past twenty years we have seen countless examples of entrenched institutions being wiped out by flatter, more effective networks.
Now we are seeing the early evolution of global, distributed, cryptographic value storage and transfer networks which will slowly displace traditional banking systems by offering faster, cheaper, more reliable routes, with better systemic risk profiles, infinitely better security, no access controls, and no entrenched monopolistic privileges over money creation.
Bitcoin was the first mover in this space and remains the incumbent. It is a global, secure, consensus-based currency that was bootstrapped from the ground up by ordinary people volunteering to participate in its development, mining, and use. It has grown exponentially in size since its inception, to the point where it is now upheld by the largest dedicated computer network in the world. Because it is secured principally by its unmatched scale, it is therefore the most secure accounting system in the world, which in turn makes the entries in its ledger the most trustworthy on the planet. If you can sign for a Bitcoin in the network’s eyes, you own it -- and nobody can stop you from owning it or signing for it.
Bitcoin is here, now. It is in the air all around us, accessible over wifi and cellular networks around the globe -- anywhere the Internet touches. The next time you walk down the street, look at the people around you. As they move through the air, displacing it with their bodies, recognize that they are literally wading through the Bitcoin network -- they just don't know it yet.
Suggestions for New People
1) Focus first and foremost on the vision and take an interest in the technology. I have a friend who is talking about putting $20k into Bitcoin, yet only a few nights ago he didn't know that Bitcoin isn't a company, or that a block isn't a single transaction. I have another friend who owns a whole Bitcoin but has never initiated a transaction. A co-worker of mine just bought $100 worth of Bitcoin but doesn't know that a wallet is key management software.
2) Bitcoin is an experiment with no precedent. Nobody knows if it will survive, what it will evolve into, or how it will be used. Even with its long-running track record, nobody can say with prophetic certainty that it won't suffer a catastrophic failure of some kind, so put only as much money into Bitcoin as you can afford to lose. I would offer the following as a good rule of thumb: if you have a negative net worth (meaning your debts exceed your assets) be very cautious with Bitcoin, and at the very least do not increase your debt to buy Bitcoin. If you have a positive net worth, do not go negative to buy Bitcoin. Having said all this, do keep in mind that any currency can suffer a catastrophic failure, including the US Dollar. Remember 2008. Don’t fall for illusions of security. We are all sailing in little boats on a big sea. Diversify.
3) If you believe in Bitcoin, try not to obsess over the value of Bitcoin in fiat terms, as tempting as it is. Try to conceptualize its value on the basis of its potential utility in emerging decentralized networks and look for ways to use it in these new emerging ecosystems. Look up OpenBazaar for example - it could be the new eBay without an eBay acting as an intermediary. I strongly believe that owning Bitcoin is exciting because it sets you up to have a stake in this emerging ecosystem. If your aim is to eventually get your value out of Bitcoin in the form of fiat, you’ll be giving up that stake. If you don't care about having a stake and are here just for the gains, that's perfectly fine too.
4) Learn how to take possession of your private keys. If you don't know what that means or how to do it, learn what it means and how to do it. Until you can say with confidence "I alone own my private keys", you do not actually own Bitcoin and you do not have a stake. Someone else owns it for you. It took me two years of owning Bitcoin before I actually clued in and took control of my own, and that is what forced me to take on the Bitcoin learning curve. The good news is, you can too.
(Edit: formatting)
submitted by noah6624 to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Sixteen ideas to save Western civilization

Idea one

Rather than funding a Darwinian triathlon that leaves thousands of people dead every year, in which those young men who are best capable of jumping fences, swimming through rivers and crossing deserts are given a ticket to paradise, we declare today that no more refugees will be given entrance into Europe. Instead, every Euro that is currently spent on providing shelter and care for refugees in Europe, will be used for refugees in their country of origin. With a guarantee that there is not a snowball's chance in hell of being granted asylum in Europe, the refugee stream to our continent will plummet. This will allow those NGO's who currently spend their money transporting people from Libya to Italy, to spend their scarce resources on helping refugees where they actually live. The cost of providing for one refugee in the Netherlands is 20 to 40 times higher than providing for the same refugee in his country of origin.
The moment we change our policy towards refugees, towards one based on rational sanity, is the moment we can start taking care of twenty to forty times as many of them. This will be necessary in the years ahead, as climate change, soil erosion and overpopulation will create a refugee crisis the likes of which humanity has never seen before. How about highly skilled refugees? You might ask. The thing is, those refugees will be the people who will be needed to rebuild the countries they fled from. If they live here, they can't help rebuild the communities that were destroyed.

Idea two

Europe is faced with a demographic crisis, as our fertility rates are very low. There are many different solutions to this, but one solution I have not heard before is as following: Let the height of our child benefits payments depend on the average age of the population of a municipality. The government should be paying people in rural communities to have children. Many of these communities have conservative Christians, who would be quite willing to have more children if they could afford to raise them. What we don't want, are child benefit payments going to overpopulated cities. What we need is for people to migrate from cities to our dying villages and for people living in those villages to have more children.
Our cities are home to our underclass, people who are unable to make something out of their life, often due to hereditary problems. Schizophrenia is twice as common in the cities for example. The people who live in cities tend to be descended from the rural peasants who were unable to make a living in the countryside. This is unfortunate, but it is the reality we have to deal with. What we want is for children to be born in the best possible conditions to guarantee a happy life. This is a conclusion I have reached, by virtue of the fact that I was born into the urban underclass myself. I want children to be born with more opportunities than I had. This tends to be very difficult to understand if you're born into a wealthy or middle class family.

Idea three

We don't just have to implement repatriation subsidies for migrants who live in Europe. In fact, we should implement broader emigration subsidies. We have more young men than young women, while Russia, Ukraine and the Baltic states have more young women than young men. The fertility rates of Europe as well as Russia would go up if we sent men to Russia. Ideally, Russian would be a language that's taught in high school here.
We also have millions of citizens in our continent, who yearn for more diversity and feel disgusted by the sight of a homogeneous European community. Europe to them is a racist monolithic continent and they worry greatly about the plight of Africans. What better way to help them achieve their dreams, than by paying them to migrate to Africa, a continent full of multicultural countries, where everyone speaks a different language and has unique customs? Everyone benefits from this. Africa desperately needs skilled people, while Southern Europe is full of young unemployed people. A gender studies, sociology or cultural anthropology degree is useless here in Europe. I'm sure it can be quite useful in Africa however.

Idea four

When it comes to income, women want to marry up, men want to marry down. If women can't find a man to marry with higher status than themselves, many simply refuse to marry and never reproduce. This is a big problem, because young women right now tend to earn more money than young men. There's a reason for this: Discrimination. White working class boys are least likely to go to university. These boys are not all stupid, but the culture they live in makes it difficult for them to succeed in life. In fact, the kind of long-term investment that college represents, is one that these boys who grew up in unpredictable insecure circumstances do not find appealing. In addition, white working class boys are not very interested in listening to long tirades about how they are guilty of everyone else's long history of suffering.
The problem we need to understand, is that education is now not used by employers as a requirement because the skills taught are relevant. No, educational requirements are used by employers to filter out dumb and unreliable people. The effect this has is to favor women over men, giving women an unfair advantage on the labor market. Neither women nor men benefit from women having an unfair advantage on the labor market. Besides the fact that a woman might not be better suited to the particular job she got by virtue of her college degree, women don't benefit from living in a society where there are no men whose salary can deliver them a similar standard of living as their own.
If we were to make it illegal to discriminate against the uneducated, we take away the unfair advantage women have over men. Certainly, we don't want uneducated people to become doctors, nuclear power plant operators or air pilots, but we really don't need people with four year college degrees to carry out mid-level office work for us. Another good measure to use is to hide the gender and name of a candidate for a position. Studies show that people prefer to hire women over men. In practice, being a good looking young woman is an enormous unfair advantage on the job market, for the simple reason that middle-aged men in management positions think with their dick.
What happens when college education can no longer be used as a status indicator by employers, is that a big part of the incentive to go to college disappears. As a result, eighteen year old boys and girls can simply apply for a white-collar job, rather than first having to spend four years studying some particular subject they'll never make practical use of again. What this means is that people are able to become mature much faster than they do today. A person aged 25 might feel ready to have children because they have been saving money for years, whereas today a 25 year old is still paying off their college debt and feel frightened by the thought of having children.

Idea five

Implement a big progressive tax on private land ownership, unless the land is covered in trees. Most of the land in Scotland is owned by a few private individuals, who just have massive herds of animals that eat the land bare. Scotland used to be covered with trees, all that's necessary for the trees to grow back is for the herds of animals to be removed. When we implement progressive taxes on land ownership, farmers who produce a lot of food with little land will find their business more profitable, while farmers who waste a lot of land will find their business to be costly. As an example, mushrooms farms use very little land, to produce a lot of food. Cattle pastures on the other hand, use a lot of land to produce hardly any food. When land ownership costs money, land can no longer be used for blind speculation. As a result, the property bubble should start to deflate. This is highly needed, because the young are now unable to buy houses because of the ridiculous prices we're dealing with. Those of us who can buy houses are afraid to do so, because prices could crash fifty percent and we would become prisoners in our own homes. If you're 65 or older, a decline in prices might suck, but you don't have a strong need to relocate anymore. Because we're unable to buy houses, we're unable to start families.

Idea six

Most of the people in our prisons have double passports. A simple wise solution would be to give prisoners a choice: Renounce your citizenship of our country, in exchange for release from prison. Let Morocco, Turkey and other countries handle these people. When these people choose to move back to their country of origin, it creates an incentive for their families to move back too. What about those prisoners who have just a single passport? Offer them a reduced sentence, depending on where they're willing to sit out their sentence. As an example, you could cut a prison sentence by 25%, if the prisoner is willing to be imprisoned in French Guyana. By the time they are released, they might simply stay there.
Another option that is very important is euthanasia. Prisoners need to have the right to choose to end their lives. Some people consider the death penalty inhumane. I consider sticking someone in a concrete box for twenty years to be far more inhumane myself. Most have no real chance of building up a meaningful life after they're released. There are actually a large number of prisoners and former prisoners who insist that the death penalty is more humane than a prison sentence, because our society treats former prisoners as second class citizens.

Idea seven

Implement a big tax on the use of our air space. Any plane that passes through our air space will have to cough up large amounts of money. This is great, because air travel has to be disincentivized. Most importantly, it increases the expenses of people who own private jets, which are a complete waste of our society's scarce resources. Currently, Americans charge roughly 30 dollar per 100 kilometer to people passing over their land surface. This is negligible. Try multiplying that rate by ten and see how much people still travel by airplane.

Idea eight

The Netherlands has the highest petrol taxes in the world. This is fantastic. The whole world needs to follow our example. Why? Because oil eventually runs out, so it's better that we prepare for it by encouraging a transitioning away from cars, rather than being caught by surprise. "But China and India!" Joe Sixpack proclaims. I don't care. Let them do what they want to do. If they want to create a big fossil fuel dependent economy, let them go ahead. By the time we run out of fossil fuels, their economies will implode. I think we similarly need a big tax on anyone who has more than a single car registered on his name.

Idea nine

Implement a constitutional amendment, requiring elected heads of state to have children. Why? Most of our political elite doesn't have children. If you don't bother to provide your own contribution to the future of our society at an individual level, why should I expect you will manage to do it at a collective level? What if our head of state is gay? He needs to find himself a wife who doesn't shave her legs, use his imagination, lie back and think of England. People used to make sacrifices for their community.
What investment in the future does a childless leader have? He's a parasite, who ultimately expects other people's children to pay for his retirement. Donald Trump is forced to listen to his daughter, who understands that climate change will prove to be a real problem. If you raised children, your interests align more closely with the interests of the next generation, who are ultimately the people who are carrying the torch of civilization forward. If physiological problems prohibit you from having children, adopted children count too. The kind of person who doesn't want to raise children is the kind of person I don't trust ruling over a country.

Idea ten

Charles Galton Darwin was probably first to propose this, but it can't be said enough: We need to make foreign aid dependent upon a nation's population control efforts. Look at this map of abortion laws to understand what's going to cause us problems in the years ahead. Countries that legalize abortion should receive priority in all of our dealings with them.

Idea eleven

We need to bring this new cold war with Russia to an end. I know, they don't allow gay pride parades. Deal with it. If the people of the world are going to have a place to live, it's going to have to be Russia. Russia, Greenland, Canada, Alaska, these are the kind of places where humans will survive a century from now. We need to be planning ahead for that future, rather than fighting each other over petty cultural differences. Why have we been fueling a bloody civil war in Syria since 2011? It's the greatest waste of human potential in recent history.

Idea twelve

We can simultaneously improve our diet, reduce climate change, heal the ocean and give most of the world's land surface back to nature. It's explained here. China, Korea and Japan produce 88% of the world's seaweed right now. Why are we, in Europe, North America and Oceania not contributing? The solutions exist to our problems, but we're not applying them.
Throw subsidies at mushrooms, seaweed and shellfish. Eventually, you'll get the public to switch their diet and you can begin abandoning most of the world's surface.

Idea thirteen

Happy societies are societies with plenty of young people and few old people. Particularly, it's important to have more young women than mature men. When the population is growing, war is common and life expectancies are low, this is easy. The fact of the matter is, that it's simply not a lot of fun to be old. In addition, old people have to be cared for by young people. We could kill all the old people, but I don't think anyone's looking forward to that.
What I would suggest instead is that we work on getting rid of aging. "What, are you suggesting immortality?" No, I'm suggesting we've got our priorities wrong. Life expectancy at age 65 was 13 years for women in 1930, 21 years in 2010. So, the average retired woman will have eight extra years of life. This is fine, but why is so much money spent on keeping people alive longer? How about we shift our priorities towards keeping people young longer? It's possible to increase the number of eggs a woman has. Dehydroepiandrosterone is effectively used to gradually increase a woman's egg count over the months, until a woman who was infertile is fertile again. This was discovered, not in a state of the art laboratory. It was discovered by a woman who had difficulty conceiving and decided to start experimenting on herself.
What kind of quality of life do you have as an 80 year old? Not a lot. What kind of quality of life do you have as a youthful looking fertile woman? Quite a lot. I know that I'm eventually going to die, so dragging it out doesn't matter much to me. If you can increase the percentage of time that I spend youthful on the other hand, I'm all ears. The best method we have to accomplish this currently seems to be the use of senolytics, substances that kill senescent cells, which are cells that have grown old and prohibit younger cells from reproducing (kind of like the babyboomers). The senescent cells do this by creating speculative housing bubble- err secreting substances that cause inflammation. Senolytics are the equivalent of a suicide bomber who only targets golf courses and cruise ships.

Idea fourteen

Why do we have massive office complexes everywhere? Most people can do their work from home. We soon won't need all the roads we have today either, because we will have self-driving cars. Self-driving cars don't need vast distances between vehicles due to our mediocre human reflexes. In addition, they can more easily share multiple passengers. We won't need all this parking space we have now either. Because people will be able to work from home and order products from home, we will need far less travel too. It's thought we can reduce the number of cars needed from 245 million, to just 2.4 million, through self-driving cars. That's not a typo, it's a 99% reduction.
Technology renders humans obsolete, we say. I think we're not thinking this through clearly enough: Technology renders technology obsolete. If we can use Bitcoin as a store of value, demand for gold declines. If demand for gold declines, we don't need gold mines. We don't need televisions anymore, we're using our computers now for that. Most people don't need a desktop computer, they can do just about everything with a smartphone or a laptop. Paper production has peaked, most of it is now used for packaging. If our population peaks, we don't need to build new houses. Colleges? You can study from home.
The city is full of space we won't need in the future. Parking garages are a thing of the past, companies will rent an office for two hours a week to hold a meetup. What are we going to do with all of that space? We can use it to grow food. A Dutch company grows mushrooms of the non-magical variety in an old swimming pool. If we grow food locally, it won't need packaging.
So what happens next? Minimalism. If we're wise we will live like Sadhus. What else will we not need? Houses. If you can work from home and video-conference your colleagues if you don't want to show up to a meeting, or receive a basic income and don't really have a formal job, why would you want to own a house? You can simply rent a house for a night through AirBnB. You don't really need to own anything. A lawnmower? There's always someone in your street who has one and you can earn money online by renting yours out. Ideally, you wouldn't even have your own clothing. At any moment, 90+% of my clothing goes unused, just like most cars go unused.
What do you think this is? Fully automated communism. What causes it? The free market. It's American free market capitalism, run by right-wing libertarians like Peter Thiel, that destroyed the taxi companies and the hotels. Some of the Silicon Valley tech startup guru's don't own anything other than a smartphone. Isn't it ironic? The Chinese and the Russians pursued communism and accidentally ended up with capitalism. We pursued capitalism and accidentally gave birth to communism.

Idea fifteen

What's the biggest problem in the Middle East today? Endless pointless violence. What causes this endless pointless violence? A small minority of men who monopolize the women and indoctrinate everyone with hateful ideologies. This is sufficient to get the young men to sign up for whatever idiotic millenarian group happens to run their town. The only reason the Middle East can function the way it does, is because everyone is sober. Alcohol and other psychoactive substances are forbidden. There's a simple reason for this. Sexual repression is difficult to sustain in a culture with access to alcohol. Alcohol makes people promiscuous, because it reduces inhibition. Psychedelics can make people promiscuous too, because psychedelics make you lose faith in authoritarian structures altogether and reduce your fear of death.
But how do you keep those substances away from people, in a world where you can order them anonymously on the internet? The government looks for heat from the light used when it wants to find indoor cannabis plants. But how will that work, when you have yeast that can produce THC? Don't even get me started on Psilocybe mushrooms, which you can grow in your own house using little other than a glass jar and some wheat bran. And what do you think happens when people can order abortion pills and euthanasia drugs off the internet? These authoritarian structures have no future. Islamist fundamentalism is a temporary blip on the radar, that will be followed by an implosion of Islam. The bloodshed of ISIS has alienated an entire generation of young Muslims, who now realize that consistently applying Islamic laws doesn't solve anything but merely makes the misery worse.
Studies show that Psilocybin mushrooms are increasingly commonly consumed, because the information on how to grow them is available everywhere. And those who take the mushrooms, report improved mental health. We haven't even begun to scratch the surface of the various substances out there and how they interact. How long do you think the taboo on cannabis will last when it becomes indisputable that use by the elderly prevents dementia? How long do you think the taboo on Salvia will last? Salvia treats opioid addiction, Americans can't afford to maintain the taboo.
What I am proposing here, is a psychedelic renaissance. Our culture is on the verge of shifting towards one where people will have no desire to dominate, but merely yearn to spread love, happiness and compassion. This is a cultural state shift, the likes of which we haven't seen in centuries. It can happen and it won't have to be limited just to the Western world. It can spread around the globe in the same manner as most of our great cultural innovations have.

Idea sixteen

When do we begin to comprehend that we're eating the wrong things? When you're staring with your microscope at the particular genes of a piece of lettuce so that you can geneticaly engineer it to be resistant against a common mold, does it never occur to you that if your crop is plagued by an endless list of pests, you might need to consider eating something else? Why do we have factory farms when the Southern United States are plagued by feral pigs? Why can't rednecks make a living selling the feral hogs they shot? Why do we eat chickens who can't walk, when our pastures are plagued by millions of geese?
"It's not cost-effective" Your government will say. And the reason it's not cost-effective is because you won't let it be cost effective. You create legislation that favors the big guy over the small guy and allow supermarket conglomerates to conquer the globe. Only big farms in England that own sufficient land can apply for farm subsidies, while small farms that make efficient use of their land can't qualify. You force people to leave their small towns and migrate to massive cities. You place subsidies on animal fodder like corn and allow people to bottom trawl the oceans and feed the fish to factory farm animals because they harvest so much fish they have no idea what to do with it. You artificially destroy oyster reefs that people use to gather wild oysters, because the oyster farmers feel threatened. It's not cost-effective because you're scared to death of what happens when it does become cost-effective!
Sunchokes grow like weeds here in the Netherlands, I grow them in a bucket as I can't plant them in my soil as they'd take over everything. And yet, our diet is built around potatoes. The average Dutch potato has residue of 36 different pesticides. People think we're innovative, but that's nonsense. We have change forced upon us, but we refuse to adapt to nature. We'd rather watch everything go to hell than to adjust to the conditions we live in. We seem to insist on having the most bland unhealthy diet imaginable, produced in the most inefficient method imaginable. Now that it's becoming difficult to sustain, we're planning on the next insanity: GMO crops. Rather than adjusting to nature, we'll come up with a crop of our own that produces its own pesticides. Whatever genetic diversity still remains in a crop is lost when the farmers switch to GMO crops. As a result, GMO crops don't solve anything, because the real problem we're dealing with is a lack of genetic diversity in our crops.
I envision a future where everyone grows his own food, not as sterile monocultures but a variety of crops grown together, while mushrooms grow in office towers and seaweed is brought in from the ocean. You'll live in a tent and travel around, following the feral pigs, deer and camels. When people tell you civilization has collapsed, you wouldn't notice the difference. You'd be too happy to care either way.
submitted by sourdoughbreadmaker to accountt1234 [link] [comments]

Subreddit Stats: nyancoins top posts from 2014-01-22 to 2017-12-11 08:32 PDT

Period: 1419.14 days
Submissions Comments
Total 982 13857
Rate (per day) 0.69 9.75
Unique Redditors 223 1038
Combined Score 6770 19579

Top Submitters' Top Submissions

  1. 895 points, 208 submissions: coinaday
    1. Thank You: An interlude for gratitude (11 points, 19 comments)
    2. [community] You are a leader of Nyancoins / Herding Cats: Leading Leaders; Leadership in a Decentralized Community (10 points, 8 comments)
    3. Current Status / What I need to do (9 points, 4 comments)
    4. 1Ɲ >= 1Đ (8 points, 4 comments)
    5. I've got /nyancoin; anyone want to make use of it? (8 points, 13 comments)
    6. Want a NYAN faucet? Try out GetFairShare, a Crypto Universal Basic Income experiment; now with NYAN! (8 points, 3 comments)
    7. [finance] [theory] [first draft] Why NYAN is a great hodler's coin (8 points, 0 comments)
    8. [meta] [misadventures of coinaday] I quit! Okay, I'll stick out the two weeks. ...uh, sure, I'll try out management... ; also being a Good Samaritan feels great (8 points, 2 comments)
    9. I'm ready to give up on life; in which coinaday finally has his full-blown mental breakdown. So long, and thanks for all the rainbows! (7 points, 20 comments)
    10. Learn languages and earn NYAN: I strongly encourage everyone to sign up for (if you haven't already) and use Duolingo! (7 points, 16 comments)
  2. 588 points, 45 submissions: americanpegasus
    1. Fellow kitty-tats: We are making friends over at /dogemarket! They like us, and we should support them in kind! (31 points, 20 comments)
    2. Have you kats seen this!!? We just got mentioned in a Wired article above even Dogecoin! Wow! (30 points, 12 comments)
    3. GAME OF NYANCAT, Episode 4... Thousands of Nyancoins to win this weekend, for free! Choose your kingdom, choose your job, and claim your share of the treasure: Let's make this the biggest game yet! (28 points, 274 comments)
    4. We just passed CatCoin in marketcap: We are in 59th place and officially have lift off! Hold on to your poptarts - here we go! (28 points, 8 comments)
    5. I want to extend a huge thanks to Phecalfeliac who has successfully given us our very own tip bot! (nyantip) Please post in this topic so we can all tip you our thanks (with your own bot). (23 points, 80 comments)
    6. We are going to 500 subscribers this weekend: I guarantee it. Nyancoin has exploded, and I just want you to look at how far you've come in just 7 days. (23 points, 34 comments)
    7. Prepare to play... GAME OF NYANCAT. The Kingdom that wins will split a 1000 Nyancoin bounty, and all players are eligible for random tips. (22 points, 63 comments)
    8. GAME OF NYANCAT, Episode 2 (1/27/14)... Play NOW for free and win free Nyancoins! Every player will get tipped coins, and the Kingdom that wins will split up to a 1,000 NYAN treasure! Let the quest begin! (21 points, 73 comments)
    9. I took care of the vincent21212 & fake Nyancoin subreddit problem. (21 points, 14 comments)
    10. GAME OF NYANCAT, Episode 3 (1/28/14)... Play NOW for free and win free Nyancoins! Every player will get tipped coins, and the Kingdom that wins will split up to a 1,000 NYAN treasure! Let the quest begin! (20 points, 60 comments)
  3. 326 points, 40 submissions: atheistftwins
    1. BEWARE! Crycurex.com may be attempting to add NYAN! (22 points, 8 comments)
    2. Lets make Nyancoin games! Increased bounty size to 40,000 NYAN! (20 points, 59 comments)
    3. In honor of our recent success and becoming the biggest cat-themed coin on reddit, I'm hosting a giveaway and raffle! (15 points, 190 comments)
    4. Lets make a game for Nyancoin! 10,000 NYAN bounty! (14 points, 43 comments)
    5. Dev says Chris and the Nyancat team will begin heavy promotion of the coin soon! What should the community do to support this? (13 points, 4 comments)
    6. It's time for the community to revive this coin. Promotional campaign: 50,000 NYAN bounty! (12 points, 66 comments)
    7. Preparation for KGW: up to 11,000 NYAN giveaway. One person will walk away with 2500 NYAN! (To my knowledge the biggest tip that will have been given away here.) (11 points, 44 comments)
    8. We just passed difficulty of 10! Giving away 10 NYAN to anyone who posts here up to 1000 NYAN! (11 points, 229 comments)
    9. We need more marketing of the coin. (11 points, 21 comments)
    10. Flash NYAN giveaway! Will last 24 hours instead of usual 6. Meta-topic: What kind of giveaway does the community want? (10 points, 42 comments)
  4. 266 points, 33 submissions: braxx1980
    1. new exchange looking for trading pairs... voting NYAN up (19 points, 28 comments)
    2. maybe we need some nyancoin support from deadmau5 and skrillex (16 points, 5 comments)
    3. NYAN now also listed on cryptx.io (14 points, 5 comments)
    4. [idea] why not ask doge 4 water to add NYAN (13 points, 9 comments)
    5. NYANcoin... to boldly go where no NYAN has gone before CYBERSPACE (12 points, 8 comments)
    6. apologies to Joel (easyjo) for the FUD for altoutlet. He is the best. Giving Nyan a chance to his store... THANK YOU JOEL (12 points, 1 comment)
    7. GREAT NEWS: altoutlet.com is going to add us this week (11 points, 3 comments)
    8. TIME IS UP... let's find ourself a new developer (11 points, 9 comments)
    9. We hit COINMARKETCAP (@the moment place 66) (11 points, 18 comments)
    10. CALL OUT TO DEV: give us some status on the work on X11. I'll give you until 1 may. (10 points, 6 comments)
  5. 232 points, 29 submissions: Simcom
    1. More positive press!! The battle over Nyancoin: How a cat meme inspired a cryptocurrency war [TheDailyDot] (22 points, 1 comment)
    2. Nyancoin was just listed on it's first Chinese exchange! (15 points, 8 comments)
    3. How I feel when one of my NYAN tips is rejected. (14 points, 14 comments)
    4. [Giveaway - 2000 NyanCoin for tipping!] Go forth Space Kitties - to the the far reaches of Reddit!! Spread the the gospel of NyanCoin to all you encounter!! (14 points, 162 comments)
    5. Nyancoin is now listed on Cryptsy!!! (13 points, 14 comments)
    6. This was just shared with 3 Million People on Facebook!!! (11 points, 5 comments)
    7. Welcome newcomers! If you haven't done so already - stop by the 1st Official Reddit Giveaway thread for 33.7 free coins! [Repost] (11 points, 1 comment)
    8. Flight Commander Sgt. Fluffy McMeower, reporting for duty. (10 points, 6 comments)
    9. Let's Roll (10 points, 0 comments)
    10. Nyancoin added to the Cryptsy voting list!! VOTE NOW!!!!!! (10 points, 10 comments)
  6. 208 points, 13 submissions: nyancoin
    1. NYANCOIN FIRST OFFICIAL REDDIT GIVEAWAY - 33.7 nyancoins for the first 337 comments! (43 points, 744 comments)
    2. Nyancoin V 1.2 Out Now! Kimoto Gravity Well Implemented! MANDATORY UPDATE (28 points, 28 comments)
    3. Dev Updates (19 points, 14 comments)
    4. Some updates from the dev team (18 points, 22 comments)
    5. [Giveaway] 10 FREE NYANCOINS to the First 1000 Posts! (17 points, 204 comments)
    6. Dev Updates + Kimoto Gravity Well is here! (16 points, 17 comments)
    7. Check out the first Nyancoin promo video! (13 points, 26 comments)
    8. Nyan Cat Store Pre-opening Offer! (13 points, 40 comments)
    9. News and Update on Nyancoin (12 points, 31 comments)
    10. Nyancoin will be switching to X11 Algo! (11 points, 33 comments)
  7. 173 points, 35 submissions: KojoSlayer
    1. NyanCoin Miner v0.06 [Game WIP] (12 points, 19 comments)
    2. Nyancoin Pixel Art In MC (First Attempt!) (8 points, 5 comments)
    3. To Buy All The Nyan On Cryptsy 12.27904283 BTC Or 3004.19 US Dollars (8 points, 9 comments)
    4. New To Nyan & Cryptocurrency (7 points, 13 comments)
    5. Two Faucets?! One Week! This coins is dead I say! (7 points, 32 comments)
    6. [Bounty] 5,000 Nyan, 10,000 Nyan! Faucet! (7 points, 24 comments)
    7. [Hype][Update] Browser based MMORPG accepting Nyancoins. (7 points, 13 comments)
    8. Dice soft launch (6 points, 8 comments)
    9. Meow (6 points, 0 comments)
    10. Miners We Need YOU! (6 points, 20 comments)
  8. 163 points, 2 submissions: nyantip
    1. Hi, I am nyantip. I need karma to function. Upvote me and post something interesting in this thread to be tipped Nyancoin. (104 points, 170 comments)
    2. This is nyantip again. Do I need to submit a link to get karma? As usual, upvote me and post for a tip! (59 points, 99 comments)
  9. 117 points, 15 submissions: sillyputti
    1. I didn't finish this in time for the Game of Nyancat, but better late than never...Nyan Power! (15 points, 27 comments)
    2. Just mined my first 100 Nyan, testing out the tipbot. Come help me tip. (10 points, 101 comments)
    3. Made a tutorial for beginners on mining nyan. Let me know if I can make it better. Thanks. (10 points, 9 comments)
    4. Remember Nekonauts, we have some pretty cool subreddits worth checking out too. (10 points, 10 comments)
    5. Updated the old Java GUI Miner. Try it out and see how it works, may have some use when KGW hits. (10 points, 0 comments)
    6. Guys, guys! I saw nyancoin on the Crypto-Currency chart! (8 points, 10 comments)
    7. Brainstorming and tip session at /nyangaming (7 points, 0 comments)
    8. ELI5: The benefits of being "Officially Licensed" coin are? (7 points, 15 comments)
    9. Found my first block today. Sharing some nyan for new nekonauts. 100 nyan give away. (7 points, 122 comments)
    10. Link to the creating your own faucet (7 points, 5 comments)
  10. 103 points, 17 submissions: OnwardFlying
    1. I'm not into Nyancoins for the money, however... (12 points, 8 comments)
    2. FortyNyaners have a 0% fee, nice layout. I like. (10 points, 3 comments)
    3. Too much hashrate at Nyanmine. Please diversify! (9 points, 8 comments)
    4. IRC @ chat.freenode.net, #Nyancoin (8 points, 1 comment)
    5. The video that started it all! (7 points, 0 comments)
    6. AMD/esp. nVidia miners, get more kh/s from your cards. (6 points, 1 comment)
    7. Coined Up at 5-15 Satoshi again. Quick get your cheap nyan! (6 points, 4 comments)
    8. IRL Nyan Sightings Increase Dramatically - We need your proof they exist! (6 points, 1 comment)
    9. Is it about time we think about a good push for Cryptsy? (6 points, 15 comments)
    10. [Bounty] Create a Nyancoin meme, get 10 nyan per upvote! (6 points, 9 comments)
  11. 98 points, 5 submissions: kiyami
    1. I'm a graphic designer new to nyancoin/reddit and wanted to help out. Hope you like it! (39 points, 35 comments)
    2. Starry Night (25 points, 17 comments)
    3. Cats: Every single one has a God-complex. (19 points, 4 comments)
    4. BRAiN FREEZE (11 points, 10 comments)
    5. wow such ascent, many flap... my four favorite coins together 4ever. Wallpaper! (4 points, 3 comments)
  12. 97 points, 22 submissions: jwflame
    1. Map of Nyancoin Nodes (7 points, 6 comments)
    2. More market weirdness that cannot be explained (7 points, 1 comment)
    3. Cryptopia block explorer gone ? (6 points, 2 comments)
    4. Found another mining pool. (6 points, 3 comments)
    5. NYANSEED is online (6 points, 12 comments)
    6. New block explorer (6 points, 1 comment)
    7. The 3rd exchange returns (6 points, 1 comment)
    8. 'official' website has gone (5 points, 3 comments)
    9. Domains for chain and website (5 points, 8 comments)
    10. Novaexchange closing (5 points, 3 comments)
  13. 89 points, 9 submissions: valcarni
    1. Nyancoin makes SBS Australian news (18 points, 4 comments)
    2. Don't just be a casual nekonaut press subscribe and get this channel up to 500 users (16 points, 5 comments)
    3. We need a new currency exchange (15 points, 13 comments)
    4. Don't know if you all saw this but, Follow The Coin announces how Nyancoin is the first offically licensed cryptocurrency (12 points, 0 comments)
    5. Nyancoin on its way up (12 points, 7 comments)
    6. My first 7.349511 Nyan (5 points, 6 comments)
    7. My contribution to the community - Nyancoin Lotto (4 points, 4 comments)
    8. The value of Nyancoins (4 points, 7 comments)
    9. Just need one more player in Game 1 of Nyancoin Lotto (3 points, 2 comments)
  14. 75 points, 9 submissions: IntelligentComment
    1. Nyan gaining popularity (14 points, 14 comments)
    2. Announcement nyandispenser.tk/faucet has been hacked. Please do not go to that website (12 points, 12 comments)
    3. California passed law making Bitcoins & Other cryptocurrency legal money (11 points, 1 comment)
    4. Official Nyancoin youtube launch video. Millions of dollars spent for production!! (11 points, 3 comments)
    5. Mine as much as you can, the popularity wave is coming (6 points, 6 comments)
    6. Nyan Coin Mining subreddit - New (6 points, 0 comments)
    7. Official Nyancoin catch phrases vote thread! Vote and submit! (6 points, 11 comments)
    8. Post pics of your nyan coin mining rig! (5 points, 21 comments)
    9. How to pronounce Nyan (4 points, 3 comments)
  15. 72 points, 11 submissions: slasherzx
    1. How I describe nyantip bot (12 points, 3 comments)
    2. ASIC scrypt miners incoming! (8 points, 14 comments)
    3. Is our faucet dry? (8 points, 20 comments)
    4. We are back at top 100 in coinmarketcap (8 points, 14 comments)
    5. After KGw, what's next.? (7 points, 6 comments)
    6. Cuckoo cycle a new algo? (7 points, 2 comments)
    7. Lets celebrate KGW implemented! No one is stopping Nyan now! (6 points, 0 comments)
    8. KNC upped the speed from 100mhs to 250mhs.. (4 points, 4 comments)
    9. Scrypt Adaptive-N + Kimoto Gravity (4 points, 22 comments)
    10. moonishere pool owning 50+% of net hashrate (4 points, 0 comments)
  16. 68 points, 7 submissions: petert0th
    1. Shut up and take my nyancoins! (18 points, 24 comments)
    2. Faucet added to 2048nyancoinz! (14 points, 33 comments)
    3. 2048nyancoinz - 2048 game with a lot of nyanz:) (10 points, 8 comments)
    4. Nyan Dice public beta is here! Check it out and tell me what do you think about it! (8 points, 13 comments)
    5. 1000th 2048nyancoinz dispense is coming, 15 to go, 100 nyan bounty for the lucky dispenser. (6 points, 22 comments)
    6. Making 500 nyancoins to almost 4000? Congrats to the first "large multiplier" winner:) (6 points, 0 comments)
    7. NyanDice is almost here! PM me if you want to beta test it. (6 points, 4 comments)
  17. 65 points, 7 submissions: lzr1900
    1. A generous Nekonaut just donated almost 1 BTC to Cryptsy Votes,that made us be the 7th place there.Our community must do something to help our little nyancoin added on Cryptsy,we deserve that!!If 1/5 of Nekonauts(nearly 200) donate 0.01BTC each to Cryptsy will let us achieve this goal! (18 points, 22 comments)
    2. Nekonauts!We hit Coinedup!! (13 points, 14 comments)
    3. WTF!!!Freshmarket.co.in compromised!! (9 points, 10 comments)
    4. Vote Nyan for MintPal!This exchange seems really awesome. (7 points, 4 comments)
    5. 67000 blocks now! KGW working. (6 points, 0 comments)
    6. Aha.Thanks Coinedup.We have NYAN/LTC now.Happy trading:o. (6 points, 4 comments)
    7. I will start a brand new promotion in China recently,include some giveaways,games,etc in the fourms,weibo,QQgroups.Let the Chinese join NYAN!!!We will to da Sapce.Let's do it. (6 points, 10 comments)
  18. 63 points, 9 submissions: nyanstu
    1. Keep voting up NYAN on allcrypt!! http://www.allcrypt.com/beta/voting.php (15 points, 5 comments)
    2. Nekonauts for charity! (10 points, 20 comments)
    3. Let's get writing to publicize NYAN (7 points, 6 comments)
    4. Can someone hook up the price guide to coinedup? (6 points, 10 comments)
    5. Nyancoiners from all over the world... (6 points, 22 comments)
    6. Wikipedia for Nyancoin (6 points, 3 comments)
    7. Cryptsy? (5 points, 3 comments)
    8. Needed: team of brave Nekonauts! (5 points, 10 comments)
    9. Facebook page! (3 points, 9 comments)
  19. 59 points, 8 submissions: dhj0001
    1. Nyan.cat (14 points, 9 comments)
    2. It seems like we've generated some buzz for Nyancoin? (12 points, 5 comments)
    3. Progress of Kimoto Gravity Well? (10 points, 6 comments)
    4. Assistance with NYAN Faucet (6 points, 5 comments)
    5. Official NyanCoin images (5 points, 6 comments)
    6. Why is nyancoin falling? (5 points, 9 comments)
    7. New Nyancoin game up and running! Calling all sprite photoshop guru's for a nyan-themed upgrade! (4 points, 7 comments)
    8. Why do you think Nyancoin is one of the better cryptocurrency? (3 points, 3 comments)
  20. 57 points, 11 submissions: The-Bent
    1. My not quite finished Nyan display for the office (8 points, 11 comments)
    2. Added rainbow to the mining box. (7 points, 5 comments)
    3. My ghetto Nyan mining rig. (7 points, 20 comments)
    4. I got a 3D printer and made some things to help keep my Nyan mining rig cool! (6 points, 17 comments)
    5. Looks like Nyanchain is back up!! (5 points, 5 comments)
    6. So you just received your Moonlander 2, what now? (5 points, 9 comments)
    7. What mining at under 5 megahashes per second gets you. AKA: why I love Nyan! (5 points, 4 comments)
    8. mining rewards on chain.nyan.space (5 points, 5 comments)
    9. FutureBit Moonlander 2 is available. (3 points, 30 comments)
    10. how to node? (3 points, 5 comments)
  21. 52 points, 5 submissions: Rupluttaja
    1. How I feel when I'm drinking coins from a faucet (19 points, 8 comments)
    2. Gravity well should be set to be main priority. (16 points, 26 comments)
    3. And the Devs have left us in the shadows...again Please give the community some updates (7 points, 5 comments)
    4. What God-complex? Nyan is god, it has a halo. (5 points, 0 comments)
    5. What happened to the faucet? (5 points, 6 comments)
  22. 51 points, 7 submissions: slavethewhales
    1. CRYPTSY! (16 points, 2 comments)
    2. How would one go about creating a faucet? (7 points, 5 comments)
    3. Miss you guys (7 points, 7 comments)
    4. 67000 is here! (6 points, 0 comments)
    5. If you have an iPhone, request Nyancoin inclusion in the Coin Ticker app. Just go to Settings, Coin Request, then scroll down to Nyancoin and click the request button on the right. It's a really nice app and would be good exposure to get it in there. (6 points, 2 comments)
    6. A handy crypto converter, NYAN included! (5 points, 2 comments)
    7. Does anyone know how many hits per day the nyancoin faucet website gets? I'm curious about the overall interest in the coin at this point. (4 points, 2 comments)
  23. 46 points, 8 submissions: Snargosoft
    1. Nyan Coin is now 2nd on Cryptsy (10 points, 6 comments)
    2. 12 Hours Of Extra Free Nyan Coins! (8 points, 6 comments)
    3. New Nyan Coin Faucet (8 points, 14 comments)
    4. The New www.NyanCoin.Me (5 points, 10 comments)
    5. How to make a faucet (4 points, 1 comment)
    6. The Nyan Coin Faucet now dispenses Nyan Coins Automatically! (4 points, 6 comments)
    7. www.Nyancoin.Me Has Just Dispensed Their 1000th Coin! (4 points, 2 comments)
    8. Cryptsy Is Only Steps Away! While we are second, Let's Stay Second! Down With XRP (3 points, 2 comments)
  24. 46 points, 6 submissions: MAURO_italy
    1. 3RD AD CAMPAIGN!! LET'EM KNOW WE GOT IN ALTOUTLET! (9 points, 10 comments)
    2. TO THE MOON! (9 points, 9 comments)
    3. [RESURRECT] Advertising campaign! READ ME PLEASE! (9 points, 31 comments)
    4. [GROWING] 2ND AD CAMPAIGN! GET IN!! (8 points, 18 comments)
    5. Have an Happy St. Patrick's Day, Nekonauts! (6 points, 19 comments)
    6. [SUGGESTION] NYAN COINS MOBILE APP (5 points, 4 comments)
  25. 45 points, 7 submissions: jeredye
    1. FortyNyaners.com - New Mining Pool! - 0% FEES + Giaveaway! (10 points, 56 comments)
    2. Fortynyaners.com Pool Fee Increase (8 points, 9 comments)
    3. How to Create Nyancoin Vanity Addresses [Guide] (7 points, 20 comments)
    4. Upgraded Design - FortyNyaners.com - 0% Fee Pool (7 points, 12 comments)
    5. Fortynyaners.com GIVEAWAY #2! 0% Fee Pool - We need more miners! (6 points, 37 comments)
    6. Fortynyaners.com BLOCK FINDER BONUS ENABLED. 10 NYAN bonus per block! (4 points, 9 comments)
    7. FortyNyaners.com - 0% Fee Pool - SITE REDESIGN (3 points, 3 comments)
  26. 45 points, 5 submissions: Codge1
    1. A massive thank you to hu3m4n for your hard work! (13 points, 16 comments)
    2. The package came in today! Great way to start the weekend! (13 points, 3 comments)
    3. Ads running today!? (7 points, 2 comments)
    4. NYAN DICE GAME http://nyan.greendice.cc/ (6 points, 3 comments)
    5. Post here to get us listed on coinmarket.io and get 5 nyan!!! (6 points, 26 comments)
  27. 45 points, 3 submissions: kuoushi
    1. What it looks like drinking from the nyancoin faucet (27 points, 26 comments)
    2. I think I went farther than expected on 2048nyancoinz (11 points, 4 comments)
    3. Just a heads up, I think the nyandispenser.tk faucet was compromised. (7 points, 6 comments)
  28. 44 points, 9 submissions: peanut83
    1. Lets pump up the faucet I just added 20,000 nyan (8 points, 2 comments)
    2. After PoS (7 points, 1 comment)
    3. Stump the Geek (6 points, 4 comments)
    4. Nyancoin supply is almost 90m (5 points, 2 comments)
    5. why has hashrate jumped to 380.61 MH/s ? (5 points, 2 comments)
    6. would this be good for nyan? (4 points, 2 comments)
    7. Ex cryptsy user. I would buy this coin but I don't fancy using cryptopia (3 points, 7 comments)
    8. Nyancoin dirt cheap on cryptsy. (3 points, 4 comments)
    9. dead fb page can we remove? (3 points, 11 comments)
  29. 43 points, 4 submissions: The_Somnambulist
    1. Thank you, americanpegasus for Game of Nyan and all your hard work. (22 points, 12 comments)
    2. Nyancoin wallpaper 2560x1600 (11 points, 9 comments)
    3. Nyancoin giveaway! (6 points, 55 comments)
    4. Nyancoin for science (4 points, 10 comments)
  30. 43 points, 4 submissions: xpliset
    1. Help us get on cryptsy and get 20 free NYAN (17 points, 177 comments)
    2. Help NyanCoin get on another exchange and receive 50 NYAN! (13 points, 131 comments)
    3. www.nyanmine.com running its second promotion (8 points, 6 comments)
    4. Vote for nyancoin on coinpayments (5 points, 5 comments)
  31. 42 points, 7 submissions: snarklasers
    1. Yes, tipnyan is down ATM. (14 points, 7 comments)
    2. Tipping Tuesday; time for original Nyan memes. (7 points, 5 comments)
    3. Recap of what happened last week. :) (6 points, 10 comments)
    4. Network stuck again. Any ideas? (5 points, 37 comments)
    5. Nyancat is now broken. (4 points, 9 comments)
    6. ( ͡° ͜ʖ ͡°) (3 points, 8 comments)
    7. Caturday Contest: Nyan Cat Auditions (3 points, 10 comments)
  32. 39 points, 4 submissions: abyssea
    1. This is how I feel with my NyanCoins :( (18 points, 1 comment)
    2. Just ordered a mining rig and a little nervous! (9 points, 25 comments)
    3. New Miner Setup and Ready! (7 points, 9 comments)
    4. Is something wrong with the Nyancoin Calculator? (5 points, 7 comments)
  33. 39 points, 3 submissions: procrypt
    1. NYAN > USD/GBP/EUBTC/DOGE spreadsheet (21 points, 28 comments)
    2. How I felt when I saw the estimated next difficulty (13 points, 16 comments)
    3. Nyan Tipping etiquette (5 points, 3 comments)
  34. 38 points, 5 submissions: brennancellis
    1. We did it! (10 points, 13 comments)
    2. Here's some nyancoin wallpapers!!! (9 points, 3 comments)
    3. Contest for Nyancoin! (7 points, 10 comments)
    4. Doge did it, so should we! (7 points, 9 comments)
    5. Check out the wiki and see what it needs! (5 points, 4 comments)

Top Commenters

  1. nyantip (2350 points, 1872 comments)
  2. coinaday (1630 points, 1210 comments)
  3. atheistftwins (761 points, 562 comments)
  4. KojoSlayer (668 points, 363 comments)
  5. americanpegasus (560 points, 318 comments)
  6. Simcom (555 points, 374 comments)
  7. tipnyan (409 points, 293 comments)
  8. Phecalfeliac (364 points, 249 comments)
  9. braxx1980 (304 points, 222 comments)
  10. vmp32k (292 points, 159 comments)
  11. sillyputti (281 points, 225 comments)
  12. nyancoin (263 points, 208 comments)
  13. Codge1 (242 points, 149 comments)
  14. shibeseller (232 points, 147 comments)
  15. jwflame (230 points, 115 comments)
  16. OnwardFlying (206 points, 168 comments)
  17. The_Somnambulist (205 points, 155 comments)
  18. xpliset (200 points, 162 comments)
  19. Jybrael (195 points, 121 comments)
  20. The-Bent (189 points, 97 comments)
  21. spydud22 (184 points, 96 comments)
  22. Lufah (171 points, 98 comments)
  23. shinohai_ (166 points, 86 comments)
  24. slasherzx (162 points, 101 comments)
  25. jwinterm (152 points, 89 comments)
  26. snarklasers (148 points, 64 comments)
  27. dhj0001 (133 points, 88 comments)
  28. IntelligentComment (129 points, 93 comments)
  29. Rupluttaja (128 points, 77 comments)
  30. jeredye (122 points, 88 comments)
  31. bendover340 (103 points, 57 comments)
  32. ginger_beer_m (101 points, 72 comments)
  33. UrsaMajorisAlpha (100 points, 73 comments)
  34. EdenSB (95 points, 73 comments)
  35. Exohain (95 points, 59 comments)
  36. valcarni (90 points, 63 comments)
  37. nyanstu (83 points, 65 comments)
  38. procrypt (79 points, 60 comments)
  39. lzr1900 (72 points, 51 comments)
  40. CartmanSPC (71 points, 35 comments)
  41. feyerbrand (70 points, 63 comments)
  42. Snargosoft (69 points, 54 comments)
  43. Larry1123 (66 points, 53 comments)
  44. Dogexecutive (59 points, 32 comments)
  45. MAURO_italy (58 points, 50 comments)
  46. ProHashing (57 points, 24 comments)
  47. kahbn (55 points, 42 comments)
  48. petert0th (53 points, 47 comments)
  49. bl4ckw00d (51 points, 37 comments)
  50. Palladi (51 points, 35 comments)
  51. thorygg (51 points, 35 comments)
  52. RunNyanRun (50 points, 21 comments)
  53. JiveTonto (49 points, 22 comments)
  54. bonoboner (48 points, 30 comments)
  55. FwuffyKittens (46 points, 36 comments)
  56. EricPach (46 points, 34 comments)
  57. SyntheticDarkness (46 points, 34 comments)
  58. iMadeATpyo (46 points, 21 comments)
  59. dbcmaster (45 points, 37 comments)
  60. peanut83 (45 points, 32 comments)
  61. Emm_mm3 (44 points, 35 comments)
  62. scirocco (44 points, 30 comments)
  63. JamesArbuthnotPooley (43 points, 28 comments)
  64. catathon (42 points, 28 comments)

Top Submissions

  1. Hi, I am nyantip. I need karma to function. Upvote me and post something interesting in this thread to be tipped Nyancoin. by nyantip (104 points, 170 comments)
  2. This is nyantip again. Do I need to submit a link to get karma? As usual, upvote me and post for a tip! by nyantip (59 points, 99 comments)
  3. NYANCOIN FIRST OFFICIAL REDDIT GIVEAWAY - 33.7 nyancoins for the first 337 comments! by nyancoin (43 points, 744 comments)
  4. I'm a graphic designer new to nyancoin/reddit and wanted to help out. Hope you like it! by kiyami (39 points, 35 comments)
  5. Hello fellow space-cats! I am the nyantipbot. I'm nothing more than a dream at this point, but you can help make me real! Details inside... by nyantipbot (37 points, 38 comments)
  6. Fellow kitty-tats: We are making friends over at /dogemarket! They like us, and we should support them in kind! by americanpegasus (31 points, 20 comments)
  7. Have you kats seen this!!? We just got mentioned in a Wired article above even Dogecoin! Wow! by americanpegasus (30 points, 12 comments)
  8. GAME OF NYANCAT, Episode 4... Thousands of Nyancoins to win this weekend, for free! Choose your kingdom, choose your job, and claim your share of the treasure: Let's make this the biggest game yet! by americanpegasus (28 points, 274 comments)
  9. Nyancoin V 1.2 Out Now! Kimoto Gravity Well Implemented! MANDATORY UPDATE by nyancoin (28 points, 28 comments)
  10. We just passed CatCoin in marketcap: We are in 59th place and officially have lift off! Hold on to your poptarts - here we go! by americanpegasus (28 points, 8 comments)

Top Comments

  1. 14 points: nyantip's comment in Hi, I am nyantip. I need karma to function. Upvote me and post something interesting in this thread to be tipped Nyancoin.
  2. 14 points: nyantip's comment in This is nyantip again. Do I need to submit a link to get karma? As usual, upvote me and post for a tip!
  3. 13 points: nyantip's comment in This is nyantip again. Do I need to submit a link to get karma? As usual, upvote me and post for a tip!
  4. 13 points: nyantip's comment in This is nyantip again. Do I need to submit a link to get karma? As usual, upvote me and post for a tip!
  5. 12 points: nyantip's comment in This is nyantip again. Do I need to submit a link to get karma? As usual, upvote me and post for a tip!
  6. 11 points: americanpegasus's comment in I took care of the vincent21212 & fake Nyancoin subreddit problem.
  7. 11 points: nyantip's comment in Hi, I am nyantip. I need karma to function. Upvote me and post something interesting in this thread to be tipped Nyancoin.
  8. 11 points: nyantip's comment in This is nyantip again. Do I need to submit a link to get karma? As usual, upvote me and post for a tip!
  9. 10 points: atheistftwins's comment in Nyancoin dipping. Shall we check-in about planned promotion and community adoption?
  10. 10 points: nyantip's comment in This is nyantip again. Do I need to submit a link to get karma? As usual, upvote me and post for a tip!
Generated with BBoe's Subreddit Stats (Donate)
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Bitcoin Mining Difficulty Hits ALL TIME HIGH! Bitcoin Mining Difficulty DROPS 15.9% - Miners get 18.9% ... The Difficulty of Mining Bitcoin BITCOIN MINING DIFFICULTY EXPLAINED IN 10 MINUTES! Bitcoin basics: What is the difficulty target and how does it adjust itself?

Because of the rising difficulty, the cost of new equipment, the cost of electricity, etc., it is said that it’s very difficult to make mining pay. Another reason mining is becoming less profitable is that Bitcoin becomes scarcer as time goes on. When Bitcoin was first introduced, miners were rewarded with 50 bitcoins for each problem, or Block, that they solve. That payout is set to halve ... difficulty: the current mining difficulty factor. Difficulty is increased as more miners and more hash compute power compete to be the next one to have a block of transactions added to the blockchain. testnet: Boolean value (true OR false). There is a parallel bitcoin network, the testnet, where trials and experiments may be carried out without ... Top 3 ways to earn bitcoin by completing microtasks. Top 3 ways to earn bitcoin by completing microtasks. Bitcoin blogspot feb 2019. Magic bitcoin - android app on appbrain. Conti enel, i numeri del 2018 e il dividendo 2019. Usd to bitcoin live converter. Bitcoin chart and crypto ebook 2020.03.10. I'd also like to say extra thank you to /u/comp21 for walking me through some steps of how to figure this out. I'm pretty sure he was on his way to lunch with his family and still had 10 min to help a random internet stranger. 18 comments. share. save hide report. 84% Upvoted. This thread is archived. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast. Sort by. best. level 1. 3 points · 5 ... As part of Bitcoin's coin issuance, miners are rewarded a certain amount of bitcoins whenever a block is produced (approximately every 10 minutes). When Bitcoin first started, 50 Bitcoins per block were given as a reward to miners. After every 210,000 blocks are mined (approximately every 4 years), the block reward halves and will keep on halving until the block reward per block becomes 0 ...

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Bitcoin Mining Difficulty Hits ALL TIME HIGH!

#covid19 #coronavirus #bitcoin #cryptocurrency Multistreaming with https://restream.io/?ref=Jx1m9 Explanation of Bitcoin Mining & Difficulty for lay people. Canadian billionaire predicts end of US Dollar as world's reserve currency - Ned Goodman lecture - Duration: 7:23. Cambridge House ... Like Reading About Bitcoin? - https://geni.us/eH9P Buy The Most Efficient GPU for Mining! - https://geni.us/Y3STM Mining Deal of the Day - https://geni.us/vSDc87y Join Red Panda Mining's Discord ... What is crypto mining difficulty, how is it adjusted, what is the point of a block time? Vosk explains how the difficulty for mining a block reward is adjusted when mining Bitcoin on sha-256 or ... Mining bitcoin is not as easy as it might seem. In this video, we highlight the biggest reason that most crypto miners end up losing money.---This episode is sponsored by Americas Cardroom, the ...

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