arXiv:1605.07524 Date: submitted by
2017-03-24 Author(s): Maria Apostolaki
, Aviv Zohar
, Laurent Vanbever
As the most successful cryptocurrency to date, Bitcoin constitutes a target of choice for attackers. While many attack vectors have already been uncovered, one important vector has been left out though: attacking the currency via the Internet routing infrastructure itself. Indeed, by manipulating routing advertisements (BGP hijacks) or by naturally intercepting traffic, Autonomous Systems (ASes) can intercept and manipulate a large fraction of Bitcoin traffic. This paper presents the first taxonomy of routing attacks and their impact on Bitcoin, considering both small-scale attacks, targeting individual nodes, and large-scale attacks, targeting the network as a whole. While challenging, we show that two key properties make routing attacks practical: (i) the efficiency of routing manipulation; and (ii) the significant centralization of Bitcoin in terms of mining and routing. Specifically, we find that any network attacker can hijack few (<100) BGP prefixes to isolate ~50% of the mining power---even when considering that mining pools are heavily multi-homed. We also show that on-path network attackers can considerably slow down block propagation by interfering with few key Bitcoin messages. We demonstrate the feasibility of each attack against the deployed Bitcoin software. We also quantify their effectiveness on the current Bitcoin topology using data collected from a Bitcoin supernode combined with BGP routing data. The potential damage to Bitcoin is worrying. By isolating parts of the network or delaying block propagation, attackers can cause a significant amount of mining power to be wasted, leading to revenue losses and enabling a wide range of exploits such as double spending. To prevent such effects in practice, we provide both short and long-term countermeasures, some of which can be deployed immediately.
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November 7, 2013 by Ed Felten. There has been a lot of noise in the Bitcoin world this week about a new paper by Ittay Eyal and Emin Gun Sirer (“ES” for short) of Cornell, which claims that Bitcoin mining is vulnerable to attack. In a companion blog post, Sirer says unequivocally that “bitcoin is broken.” Let me explain why I disagree. This post has three parts. First, I’ll give some ... single entity mining power public log selfish miner bitcoin network More (7+) Weibo: We further show that the Bitcoin mining protocol will never be safe against attacks by a selfish mining pool that commands more than 1/3 of the total mining power of the network . Abstract: The Bitcoin cryptocurrency records its transactions in a public log called the blockchain. Its security rests critically ... The Economics of Bitcoin Mining, or Bitcoin in the Presence of Adversaries Joshua A. Kroll, Ian C. Davey, and Edward W. Felten Princeton University Abstract The Bitcoin digital currency depends for its correctness and stability on a combination of cryptography, distributed algorithms, and incentive- driven behavior. We examine Bitcoin as a consensus game and deter-mine that it relies on ... Bitcoin Tutorial. Joseph Bonneau . Princeton University ... University (edited and abridged by Bruce Maggs) Thanks to Andrew Miller, Arvind Narayanan, Jeremy Clark, Joshua Kroll, Ed Felten. Bitcoin Today (October 15, 2014) One Bitcoin (BTC) is worth about $394. Every ten minutes, one Bitcoin miner, selected at random, is given a reward when the block chain is extended by one block. In 2009 ... Pe Bitcoin: Casa Albă numește Ed Felten pentru tehnologie-președinte - Bitcoin tic casa albă are om de știință de calculator și profesor la Universitatea Princeton Ed Felten Șef al Departamentului de Știință și tehnologia numit. În noua sa poziție, Felten va fi în viitor să-l consilieze pe Barack Obama cu privire la reglementarea tehnologiilor și inovațiilor.
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